Government Schemes & Projects Current Affairs - 2019

Latest Government Schemes Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. This category comprises current affairs related to various government schemes, government policies, projects, and government campaign launches such as portal, apps etc. also.

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Make in India: Diagnostic kits released

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and the Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) have developed two diagnostic kits under Make in India initiative. The kits are called Blue tongue sandwich ELISA (sELISA) and Japanese Encephalitis lgM ELISA.

Purpose of the kits: For control of Swine and Detection of Antigen

Key features

  • The kit helps to assess the active infection of the Japanese-Encephalitis virus in the swine population
  • These kits are highly inexpensive as compared to the commercial kits that are available in the market at price of Rs. 52,000/-. These kits cost Rs.5,000/- only.
  • Every kit can test around 45 samples
  • The kits also help in the detection of antigens in the cattle. Antigens are antibodies generated by the mammals when attacked by viruses, bacteria or other foreign matter. Based on the type of antigen being generated, the type of virus infesting the cattle can be identified.

Blue tongue virus

The Blue tongue virus is an insect-transmitted viral disease that is common among domestic animals. It is widespread among sheep, cattle, goats, camels and buffaloes. The virus can be controlled by proper vaccination to the susceptible animals. Apart from vaccination, early diagnosis and isolation of infected animals will also help control spreading of the disease. The sELISA kit helps to identify the Blue Tongue Virus.


2nd phase of LOTUS-HR launched in New Delhi

The second phase of an Indo-Dutch project called Local Treatment of Urban Sewage Streams for Healthy Reuse, or LOTUS-HR was launched at Barapullah drain in New Delhi by Minister of Science and Technology Harsh Vardhan and the Dutch Royal couple, Netherlands King Willem-Alexander and Queen Maxima.

The Dutch Royal couple is on a five-day visit to India at the invitation of President Ram Nath Kovind. This trip will be King Willem-Alexander’s first state visit to India following his ascension to the throne in 2013. The visit is expected to boost political and economic cooperation between two countries.


It is a water treatment laboratory that seeks to treat dirty water of Barapullah Drain before it deposits into Yamuna. The project was set up in 2017 at the Sun Dial Park in New Delhi as part of collaboration between governments of India and Netherlands. Upon commissioning, this innovative pilot scale modular plant will treat 10,000 litre sewage water per day and will also showcase a self-sustaining model for end user.

Objective: To demonstrate a holistic waste-water management approach that will produce clean water which can further be reused for various purposes.

Bodies Involved: It is jointly supported by Department of Biotechnology, under Union Ministry of Science and Technology and Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research. Moreover, IIT-Delhi and The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) are partners in this project.

Technology being used in LOTUS-HR is called wetland technique.