Government Schemes Current Affairs - 2019
Latest Government Schemes Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. This category comprises current affairs related to various welfare schemes of Government of India and State Governments.
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Due to the orthodoxy and parochial nature of Indian Society, males prefer to lay outside the ambit of the family planning and the onus lies on the woman. In order to arrest these tendencies the government of India has undertaken the following steps:
- Vasectomy Fortnight is observed across the country in the month of November to increase awareness on male participation and promotion of male sterilization.
- Training of service providers in No-Scalpel Vasectomy (NSV) has been undertaken to enhance the pool of service providers.
- Condom boxes are set up in facilities to enable people to access condoms in privacy.
- The ‘Home Delivery of Contraceptive Scheme’ has been initiated to deliver contraceptives including condoms to the beneficiaries.
- The compensation for male sterilization has been substantially increased under the Enhanced compensation scheme for sterilization.
- A 360-degree media campaign has been undertaken to underline the role of men in family planning to encourage men to adopt family planning methods.
- Under the Mission Parivar Vikas campaign due attention is paid towards extensive mobilization activities including promotion of male participation and assured vasectomy services.
The national average for the use of male family planning methods (Male sterilization + Condom) is 5.9 % and 13 states have a better participation rate ththe an national average.
The Mental illness is the most neglected and tabooed aspect of Indian health care system. To address the burden of mental disorders, the Government of India has undertaken the following steps:
- National Mental Health Programme (NMHP) is under implementation since 1982. District Mental Health Programme (DMHP) is under implementation in 517 districts of the country for detection, management and treatment of mental disorders/ illness.
- Funds are provided to each district under the DMHP for sensitization training of Community Health Workers and elected representatives of the community at District Hospital/ Community Health Centre for awareness generation regarding early signs and community health-seeking behaviour for mental illness.
- The Mental Healthcare Act, 2017 provides that the appropriate Government shall take all measures to ensure that the Government Officials including police officers and other officers of the Government are given periodic sensitization and awareness training.
- Three Central Mental Health Institutions namely National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bangalore, Lokopriya Gopinath Bordoloi Regional Institute of Mental Health, Tezpur and Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi have been strengthened for augmenting the human resources in the areas of mental health and to provide quality mental health services in the country.
- To increase the number of qualified mental health professionals in the country, the Government, under the NMHP, is implementing manpower development schemes for the establishment of Centres of Excellence and strengthening/ establishment of Post Graduate (PG) Departments in mental health specialities.
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is regularly reviewing and monitoring the functioning of the three Central Mental Health Institutions and the Institutions supported under manpower development schemes of NMHP.
Tags: Central Institute of Psychiatry Ranchi • District Mental Health Programme • Lokopriya Gopinath Bordoloi Regional Institute of Mental Health Tezpur • Mental Health • Mental Health Care system • Mental Healthcare Act 2017 • Mental illness • National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences Bangalore • National Mental Health Programme