Government Schemes Current Affairs - 2019

Latest Government Schemes Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. This category comprises current affairs related to various welfare schemes of Government of India and State Governments.

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Categorisation of Farmers

In agriculture Census, the operational holdings are categorised in five size classes as shown below:

  • Marginal: Below 1.00 hectare.
  • Small: 1.00-2.00 hectare.
  • Semi- Medium: 2.00-4.00 hectare.
  • Medium: 4.00-10.00 hectare.
  • Large: 10.00 hectare and above.

The India Rural Development Report 2012-13 prepared by the IDFC Rural Development Network notes that Small farms are more efficient, especially in cultivating labour-intensive crops or tending livestock, but land holdings are too small to generate sufficient household income.

To improve the condition of Small and Marginal farmers and to double the income of farmers by 2022, Government is realigning its interventions from the production-centric approach to farmers’ income-centric initiatives, with focus on better and new technological solutions.

The interventions  include implementation of schemes like, Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY), Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY), Soil Health Card, Neem Coated Urea, Rainfed Area Development under National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA), Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY), National Agriculture Market scheme (e-NAM), National Food Security Mission (NFSM), National Mission on Oilseeds & Oil palm (NMOOP), Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH), Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), National Mission on Agriculture Extension & Technology (NMAET).

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Know India Programme

Know India Programme (KIP) is a flagship initiative for Diaspora engagement. The programme aims to familiarize Indian-origin youth (18-30 years) with their Indian roots and contemporary India.

Features of the Programme

The important features of the Know India Programme are:

  • Know India Programme is a three-week orientation programme for diaspora youth.
  • The programme aims to promote awareness on different facets of life in India and the progress made by the country in various fields e.g. economic, industrial, education, science & technology, communication & information Technology and culture.
  • The programme provides a unique forum for students & young professionals of Indian origin to visit India, share their views, expectations & experiences and to develop closer bonds with contemporary India.
  • The programme has been in existence since 2003 and is open to PIO youth from all over the world.
  • The programme is open to youth of Indian origin (excluding non-resident Indians) with preference to those from Girmitiya countries (Mauritius, Fiji, Suriname, Guyana, T&T, Jamaica etc).
  • The programme mandates a minimum qualification of graduation or being enrolled for graduation to be part of the scheme.

Familiarising India

The programme incorporates following aspects to familiarise Youths about Indian Society and culture:

  • Understanding of India’s political system, economy, society, and developments in various sectors etc.
  • Visiting places of historical, cultural, religious importance.
  • Familiarisation with art, music and culture of India.
  • Visiting industrial sites.
  • Visiting a village.
  • Interaction with non-profit organizations.
  • Meetings with senior leadership/officials in India.
  • Visiting a select state in India for 10 days.

The Ministry of External Affairs implements the programme in association with the chosen partner state.

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