Government Schemes & Projects Current Affairs - 2019

Latest Government Schemes Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. This category comprises current affairs related to various government schemes, government policies, projects, and government campaign launches such as portal, apps etc. also.

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Fact Box: Green Energy Corridor Project; Government plans to invest Rs 43,000 Crore in the project

Rs 43,000-cr ‘green energy corridor’ plan for renewable energy

The Government plans to launch a Rs 43,000-crore ‘Green Energy Corridor’ project to facilitate the flow of renewable energy into the national grid. The project will be implemented with the assistance of Germany who has promised provide developmental and technical assistance of €1 billion for the project.

The government has taken lessons from the massive power grid failure that hit the North, East and North-East regions of the country on July 30-31 in 2012 which called for attention to strengthen the electricity distribution network in the country.

 What is “Green Energy Corridor Project”?

The Green Energy Corridor Project is an upcoming project which aims at synchronising electricity produced from renewable sources, such as solar and wind, with conventional power stations in the grid.

The Project:

Objective: Synchronising electricity produced from renewable sources, such as solar and wind, with conventional power stations in the grid.

  • Cost: Rs 43,000-crore
  • The whole project has been divided into two parts:
  1. Inter State: To be developed by State utilities
  2. Intra State: To be developed by Power Grid Corporation of India (PGCIL)

Germany, who has expertise in making smart grids that integrate renewable energy into national grid will be assisting India in this project. Germany has promised provide developmental and technical assistance of €1 billion for the project

What is the problem in integrating electricity generated from renewable energy to conventional power grids?

The problem is Voltage Fluctuations. The conventional grids face difficulty in absorbing renewable electricity because of its varying voltage and supplyThe planned transmission system would be made dynamic to handle the variations leading to an integrated grid across the nation.

What is the current status of electricity generation in India?

At present, India has 27,541.71 MW of installed renewable capacity excluding hydro power stations. The country has a total installed capacity is of 2,23,625.60 MW.

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Fact Box: Janani Suraksha Yojana

Age eligibility norm to get financial aid under JSY relaxed

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has relaxed the eligibility criteria for the Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), which provides financial assistance to mothers for institutional deliveries. As per new changes, Below Party Line (BPL) women can access JSY benefits irrespective of their age and number of children.

What is JSY?

  • Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) was launched in 2005 with an aim to enable women — especially those from vulnerable sections — to access institutional delivery. This was done to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality.

Why these changes?

It was found that a majority of women, who needed JSY benefits, remained out of the purview of the scheme because they had to prove they were 19 years of age and had no more than two children. Besides this, highest maternal mortality is reported among girls aged 14-15; the majority of these were out of the purview of the JSY as they were unable to produce proof of age or verify the number of children they had. Thus it was felt that age criteria and the requirement to prove number of children must be done away with in order to bring these left out sections into this scheme.

What were the existing norms?

  • Till now, the scheme provided assistance for institutional delivery to all pregnant women who give birth in a government or private accredited health facility in Low Performing States (those with bad health indicators, such as Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Jharkhand and Assam).

Sub-section within Low Performing States:

In Rural Areas:

  • Rs 1400 to the woman who delivered in a government facility or accredited private facility
  • Rs. 600 to Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) in rural areas.

In the urban areas

  • Rs.1,000 the woman who delivered in a government facility or accredited private facility
  • Rs. 400 Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA)

In High Performing States (those with good health indices, such as Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka), assistance for institutional delivery was available to women from BPL/SC/ST households, aged 19 or above and only up to two live births for delivery in a government or private accredited health facility.

Sub-sections within High Performing States:

In Rural Areas:

  • Rs. 700 to the woman who delivered in a government facility or accredited private facility
  • Rs. 600 to Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA)

In Urban Areas:

  • Rs. 600 to the woman who delivered in a government facility or accredited private facility
  • Rs. 400 to Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA)

Further, in all States/Union Territories, the scheme provided Rs. 500 to BPL women — aged 19 or above and who deliver up to two live births — who prefer to deliver at home. With the amendments, all women who deliver at home will be entitled to this amount, basically for nutrition.

What are the changes?

As per the changed norms:

  • All women from BPL category, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in all States and Union Territories will be eligible for JSY benefits if they have given birth in a government or private accredited health facility.
  • BPL women who prefer to deliver at home can also get JSY benefits.
  • Below Party Line (BPL) women can access JSY benefits irrespective of their age and number of children.

What is the performance outlook of JSY?

As per the Government the scheme has resulted into an increase in institutional deliveries — from 47% in 2007-08 to 72.9% in 2009 (Coverage Evaluation Survey) and, most recently, to approximately 79% — as per Health Ministry data.

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