Government Schemes in India Current Affairs - 2020

Latest Government Schemes Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. This category comprises current affairs related to various government schemes, government policies, projects, and government campaign launches such as portal, apps etc. also.

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Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana features into Guinness book of World Records

NDA government’s flagship scheme Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) has entered into Guinness book of World Records.

Guinness book of World Records has given certificate stating it as most bank accounts opened in one week.

In one week, 18,096,130 bank accounts were opened as part of the financial inclusion campaign from 23rd to 29th August, 2014. It was achieved by the Department of Financial Services (Government of India).

Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)

  • It was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi with the goal of eradicating financial untouchability of the poor by opening at least one bank account for every family in the country in less than six months.
  • It seeks to financially empower the poor by providing them access to formal banking system.
  • It also seeks to provide platform for Direct Benefits Transfer (DBT) which will curb leakages in government subsidies and thus saving government exchequer.
  • Initially, after its launch the scheme had a target of opening 7.5 crore bank accounts by 26 January, 2015, but later it was revised and raised to 10 crore bank accounts.
  • As on 17th January 2015, PMJDY has achieved feat of opening of 11.50 crore bank accounts under it in the short span of 5 months since it was launched.

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President launches pulse polio immunization programme

President Pranab Mukherjee has launched the Pulse Polio Immunization(PPI) Programme by administering polio drops to children at the Rashtrapati Bhavan.

It was launched by President ahead of the National Immunization Day which is observed on 18 January.

PPI Programme is a Government drive to sustain polio eradication from the country. As part of it children less than 5 years of age are given polio vaccine drops.

Background

  • Since 1995, India has been implementing the Pulse Polio Immunization Programme.
  • On 27 March 2014, India and 7 other Asian countries were declared polio-free by the World Health Organisation (WHO).
  • 7 other Asian countries are: Bangladesh, Bhutan, North Korea, Thailand, Indonesia, the Maldives and Myanmar.
  • It should be noted that WHO declares any country polio free if no case is reported for three consecutive years.

Key facts about Polio 

Poliomyelitis (polio) is a highly infectious viral disease, which mainly affects young children below age of 5.

  • Transmission: The virus is transmitted from person-to-person. It mainly spreads through the faecal-oral route (e.g. contaminated water or food). After entering body, it multiplies in the intestine, from where it can invade the nervous system and can cause paralysis.
  • Symptoms:  Initial symptoms include fever, fatigue, headache, vomiting, stiffness in the neck, and pain in the limbs. In some cases, it causes permanent paralysis. There is no cure for polio, it can only be prevented by immunization.

 You may read more about Pulse Polio Immunization(PPI) Programme here

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