National Current Affairs - 2019

Latest India Current Affairs and Current Affairs related to Government policy, polity and administration in India. India’s National Current Affairs updates for 2018.

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Kareena Kapoor Khan appointed ambassador of Swasth Immunised India campaign

Actress Kareena Kapoor Khan has been appointed as an ambassador of Swasth Immunised India campaign. The Swasth Immunised India campaign has been launched by Serum Institute of India (SII) and Network 18.

Swasth Immunised India campaign

  • The Swasth Immunised India campaign aims to build a robust campaign aimed at spreading awareness on the importance and benefits of immunisation among the masses.
  • The campaign is aimed at dispelling myths and misconceptions pertaining to the administration of vaccination among Indians.
  • The campaign aims to raise awareness about the importance and benefits of vaccine administration, advocating its acceptance and building a strong immunization outreach in the country.
  • The Swasth Immunised India campaign aims to complement the efforts of the government to reach full immunisation coverage through continuous education and awareness.

Significance of the Immunisation

India’s commitment towards vaccination has aided in successfully eradicated deadly diseases like Polio and Smallpox.

WHO states that immunisation prevents 2-3 million deaths every year. But still, 5 lakh kids die every year in India because of diseases preventable by vaccines. India is still home to the highest number of unvaccinated (56%) and incompletely vaccinated children (32%).

Prevalence of myths and misconceptions, lack of information and misinformation has hindered the government efforts to achieve full immunisation. This is resulting in outbreaks of various kinds of illnesses, leading to a growing fatality rate among infants, children and expectant mothers in India. The Swasth Immunised India campaign aims to address these gaps.

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PM Modi Flags-off First Ever Diesel-to-Electric Converted Locomotive

Prime Minister Narendra Modi flagged off the first ever diesel-to-electric converted locomotive at the Diesel Locomotive Works (DLW) at Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh.

Diesel-to-Electric Converted Locomotive

  • The 10,000HP freight locomotive was converted from two units of old diesel locomotives of 2600 HP each with indigenous technology.
  • The conversion was achieved in record time with the help of engineers from Research Designs and Standards Organisation (RDSO), Chittaranjan Locomotive Works(CLW), and BHEL.
  • The conversion has proved to be cost effective as it requires half of the rehabilitation cost of old locos and it is also environment-friendly with enhanced traction power to double the average speed of goods train.

DLW has developed a new prototype electric locomotive converted from diesel locomotive as part of the Indian Railways Mission 100 per cent electrification and de-carbonization agenda.

Indian Railways Mission 100 per cent Electrification

The Indian Railways has undertaken Mission 100 per cent electrification to electrify the last leg of about 13,675 Km railway tracks at a cost of Rs 12,134 crore. The 100 per cent electrification will electrify all broad gauge lines of Indian Railways and it will make Indian Railways the largest electrified rail network in the world.

Benefits of 100 per cent Electrification

  • Reduced dependence on imported diesel.
  • Enhanced line capacity and higher haulage capacity.
  • Seamless train operations ensuring better speed.
  • Improved signalling system for enhanced safety.
  • Direct employment generation during construction for nearly 20.4 crore man days.

100 per cent electrification also provides environmental benefits like reduced environment cost per tonne-kilometre, 24% reduction in carbon dioxide emissions by 2027-2028 and a reduction of nearly 2.83 billion litres of fossil fuel consumption per annum.

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