Governance & Politics Current Affairs - 2020

Latest India Current Affairs and Current Affairs related to Government policy, polity and administration in India. India’s National Current Affairs updates for 2019.

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GoI new Target: Indian Railways to run 100% on electricity by 2024

On January 27, 2020, the Union Minister Piyush Goyal announced that Indian Railways will run 100% on electricity by 2024. In such case, Indian Railways will be the first Railways to run 100% on electricity. Also, the Indian Railways has planned to make the network zero-emission network by 2030.

Electrification Project

Previously in 2019, the target to run 100% electrified Railways was set to be achieved by 2023. So far, till 2017-18, 4,087 km route had already been electrified. Upon success, the fuel bill will reduce by Rs 13,510 crores.

Current Scenario

Today Indian trains run on diesel or electricity. Around two-third of the freight movement in India is through Indian Railways. At present, Electric traction accounts to 57.91% of energy expenses of Indian Railways (as per November 2019)

Electrification of Railways is also Government’s plan to create 500 GW of renewable energy by 2028.


According to NITI Aayog, the carbon emission from the Indian Railways is around 6.84 million tonnes (2014).

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GoI signs “Historic Accord”, Bodo Agreement

On January 27, 2020, the Government of India signed the historic agreement with the nine factions of the National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB). According to the agreement, the Bodoland Territorial Area District will hold special rights for the locals. However, the outsiders will have to obtain “permit” to work in the territory.


The agreement will provide political rights to the Bodo Tribals living in Assam. The agreement was signed in the presence of Home Minister Amit Shah and Assam Chief Minister Sarbanand Sonowal and the leaders of the NDFB.

The Agreement will also provide economic benefits to the Bodos.

Bodo Accord- Bodoland Territorial Area District

The accord signed is the third agreement signed in 27 years. The first was signed with All Bodo Students Union in 1993 and the second was signed with the Bodo Liberation Tigers in 2003. The third agreement led to the formation of Bodoland Territorial Council under the sixth Schedule of the Constitution. The BTC now administrates 4 districts in Assam namely Chirang, Kokrajhar, Baska and Udalguri. These areas are called the Bodoland Territorial Area Districts.

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