Governance & Politics Current Affairs - 2019
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Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu Edappadi K Palaniswami announced that Vellore district of state would be trifurcated into Vellore, Ranipet and Tirupattur districts. Vellore will be headquarters of these 2 new districts. With creation of two more districts the total number of districts in state would become 37.
The Chief Minister also announced that starting from 2019, November 1 would be celebrated as Tamil Nadu Day to commemorate state’s creation day. Tamil Nadu was created on November 1, 1956.
In any state the idea behind creating new districts is, generally, that it is expected to make governance easier or sometimes, decision is driven by local demands. In this case, people had been demanding carving out of new districts from Vellore district, which has 13 assembly segments.
Vellore District: It was created in 1989 by bifurcating North Arcot district into Vellore and Tiruvannamalai districts. It is one of the largest districts in state by area and has 13 Assembly constituencies. It is divided between 3 Lok Sabha constituencies- Vellore, Tiruvannamalai and Arakkonam.
Other District Division: In 2018 Tamil Nadu state government had carved out Kallakurichi district from Villupuram district. . In July 2019, TN govenment announced its decision to carve out Tenkasi district from Tirunelveli district and Chengalpet district from Kancheepuram district.
District in India
In India larger states have a higher number of districts such as Uttar Pradesh leads the count with 75 district, followed by Madhya Pradesh (52), while smallest state, Goa (2), has lowest number.
However, number of districts in a state is not always a function of area of state (or of its population). For example, Andhra Pradesh is 7th largest state by area in the country but has among smallest counts of districts at 13. As such, it has only 1 district for every 12,000 sq-km, which is largest average size for a district in any Indian state.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated Dynamic Facade Lighting of Parliament House Estate in presence of Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla, and Union Ministers including Hardeep Puri and Jitendra Singh.
About Dynamic Facade Lighting
Work of dynamic facade lighting was initiated on 20 July 2019 by Central Public Works Department (CPWD) and completed in just 22 days.
Power Efficient: As many as 875 energy-efficient LED (light-emitting diode) lights have been installed in Parliament Complex. These are power efficient and uses only one-fifth (20%) of electricity as compared to other types of lights. These long-lasting, excellent intensity LED bulbs are capable of creating over 16 million colour combinations.
Areas Included: The dynamic facade lighting includes Parliament House, Parliament Library Building and Parliament House Annexe buildings and the power consumption in these buildings will be about 26 KW, 15 KW and 12 KW respectively.
Cost Recovery: Considering expenditure involved in traditional temporary illumination (of 10-15 days), the cost of installing permanent dynamic LED facade lighting (available for all 365 days) is recoverable in 8.2 years.
Innovative Lightning: The LED lighting is programmable and electronically controlled through computers. Dynamic lighting system through intermittent multi-colour lights creates an aura and enhances grandeur of Parliament House. The innovative and inspirational lighting has been executed on lines of surrounding areas of Parliament House Estate.
These beautiful lights will illuminate beautiful Parliament building all round year would enhance the beauty and visibility of the Parliament building. Prior to this, such lightings were installed in North Block and South Block.