India Current Affairs 2018
Latest India Current Affairs and Current Affairs related to Government policy, polity and administration in India. India’s National Current Affairs updates for 2018.
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Union Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MoFPI) approved operationalisation strategy for Operation Greens. Operation Greens was announced by Union Government in Budget 2018-19 to stabilise supply of Tomato, Onion and Potato (TOP) crops. It is aimed at ensuring availability of TOP crops throughout the country round the year without price volatility.
Strategy comprises series of measures
Short term Price Stabilisation Measures
National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India (NAFED) will be nodal agency to implement price stabilisation measures. MoFPI will provide 50% of subsidy two components of transportation of TOP Crops from production to storage and hiring of appropriate storage facilities for TOP Crops.
Long Term Integrated value chain development projects
- Capacity Building of FPOs & their consortium
- Quality production
- Post-harvest processing facilities
- Marketing / Consumption Points
- Creation and Management of e-platform for demand and supply management of TOP Crops
- Assistance and eligibility
The assistance under this strategy will comprise of grants-in-aid at rate of 50% of the eligible project cost in all areas, subject to maximum Rs 50 crores per project. Eligible organisations under it will include State Agriculture and other Marketing Federations, cooperatives, companies, Farmer Producer Organizations (FPO), Self-help groups (SHGs), food processors, logistic operators, supply chain operators, retail and wholesale chains and central and state governments.
It was announced in Union Budget 2018-19 on line of Operation Flood to promote FPOs, agri-logistics, processing facilities and professional management. It aims to promote farmer producers organisations, processing facilities, agri-logistics and professional management. It also aims to aid farmers and help control and limit erratic fluctuations in the prices of tomatoes, onions and potatoes (TOP). It is essentially price fixation scheme that aims to ensure farmers are given the right price for their produce. The idea behind it is to double the income of farmers by the end of 2022.
Its major objectives are:
- Price stabilisation for producers and consumers by proper production planning in TOP clusters.
- Reduction in post-harvest losses by creation of farm gate infrastructure, development of suitable agro-logistics, and creation of appropriate storage capacity linking consumption centres.
- Enhance value realisation of TOP farmers by targeted interventions to strengthen TOP production clusters and their FPOs,
- Increase in food processing capacities and value addition in TOP value chain.
- Set up of market intelligence network to collect and collate real time data on demand and supply and price of TOP crops.
Union Home Ministry has released more than Rs. 113 crore to six border states under Border Area Development Programme (BADP) as part of its plan to ameliorate the problems of people living in isolated locations. These six states are Assam, Nagaland, Sikkim, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Uttarakhand.
Till now, Home Ministry has released total of Rs. 637.98 crore during 2018-19 period to states having International Border. The funds released are in addition to the Rs. 1,100-crore released in 2017-18 for the all-round development of villages located along International Border in 17 states. India shares land border with seven neighbouring countries viz. Bangladesh (4,096 km), China (3,488 km), Pakistan (3,323 km), Nepal (1,751 km), Myanmar (1,643 km), Bhutan (699 km) and Afghanistan (106km in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir).
Border Area Development Programme (BADP)
The umbrella BADP scheme is being implemented by Union Home Ministry in 367 border blocks of 104 border districts in 17 states. Its objective is to meet special developmental needs and well-being of people living in remote and inaccessible areas situated near international border areas. It also seeks to saturate border areas with entire essential infrastructure through convergence of Union, state, BADP, local schemes and participatory approach.
Sub-schemes under it include construction of primary health centres (PHCs), connectivity, schools, supply of drinking water, community centres, drainage to enable sustainable living in border areas. It also covers schemes or activities relating to skill development programmes, promotion of sports activities in border areas, promotion of rural tourism, border tourism, protection of heritage sites, Swachhta Abhiyan, construction of helipads in remote and inaccessible hilly areas, which do not have road connectivity.
Skill development training to farmers for use of modern and scientific techniques in agriculture, organic farming is also part of BADP now. As many as 61 model villages are being developed under BADP to improve the quality of life for people living near border areas. A total of Rs 13,400 crore so far have been released since BADP programme was initiated in 1986-87.