Governance & Politics Current Affairs - 2020
Latest India Current Affairs and Current Affairs related to Government policy, polity and administration in India. India’s National Current Affairs updates for 2019.
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On March 18, 2020, the Indian Council of Medical Research announced that India is in Phase 2 of spread of COVID-19 and that community transmissions have not begun in India
What are the phases of COVID-19 Transmission?
There are four stages of COVID-19 transmission according to the World Health Organization. They are as follows
Phase 1: Travelers
It is first reported among the travelers entering the country. At this stage, the virus is to be controlled by thermal screening and quarantine. In order to contain this, India has suspended visas, imposed travel bans, suspended facilities such as visa free travel to OCI (Overseas Citizen of India) card-holders.
Phase 2: Local
At this stage the virus spreads from the travelers to the local people through direct contact
Phase 3: Community Transmission
At this stage, the virus spreads among the people with no history of travel or with no direct contact with infected persons.
India is containing Community Transmission of the virus by emphasizing social distancing, discouraging public gathering, etc. The countries where community transmission has begun includes Italy, China and South Korea.
Phase 4: Epidemic
Epidemic is a condition where the spread of the disease if more than the expected spread of disease.
ICMR to test for Community Transmission
Though, India is in Phase 2 of the COVID-19 transmission, the ICMR (Indian Council for Medical Research) is to test for community transmission. This is to be done by randomly testing volunteers.
Also, so far 1020 patients reporting influenza and pneumonia were tested for COVID-19 by the ICMR. The samples have tested negative.
Tags: Corona Virus • COVID-19 • ICMR • Pneumonia • Treatment for viral diseases
The Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers recently reported at the Parliament that the DPCO, 2013 (Drugs Prices Control Order, 2013) has helped to save Rs 12, 447 crores per annum.
What is DPCO 2013?
The DPCO is an order that was issued by the GoI under Essential Commodities Act, 1955. The order provides details to fix the prices of the drugs, procedures to increase or decrease prices, penalties for defying the order, etc. The Order empowered the National Pharmaceuticals Pricing Authority (NPPA) to fix the threshold prices of drugs. The NPPA is allowed to fix prices only on those drugs that are listed under National List of Essential Medicines.
National List of Essential Medicines
The list was prepared by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in 2011. The list was prepared with the World Heath Organization list as the base. It is mandatory that these medicines are to be made available in the country in adequate amounts. The last change was made to the list in 2018. Today there are 851 medicines under the list.
Tags: Drugs Prices Control Order (DPCO) 2013 • Essential Commodities Act • National List of Essential Medicines • NPPA • World Health Organization (WHO)