India Current Affairs [Gov. & Politics]

Latest India Current Affairs and Current Affairs related to Government policy, polity and administration in India. India’s National Current Affairs updates for 2019.

India dropped from Construction of Chabahar-Zahedan Rail Project following Delays in Funding for the Project

The Iran Government has decided to drop India from the construction of the Chabahar Port-Zahedan Railway Line Project and now will be proceeding with the construction of the Project on its own.

This was informed by the Transport and Urban Development Minister of Iran during the inauguration of the Chabahar Port-Zahedan railway track laying process last week.

The Minister has further citied Delay of Funds from India as the reason for dropping off India from the Railway Project. He has further added that the Iranian Railways will be now proceeding with the project that will be completed by March 2022 and the funding of about USD 400 million for the project will be made from the Iranian National Development Fund.

Chabahar Port-Zahedan Rail Line Project

The agreement for the development of the Chabahar Port and for the construction of a 628 Km railway line from Chabahar port to Zahedan (41 Kms from the Tri-point: Border of three countries- Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan) was signed as a part of India’s Commitment in development of Trade with Iran and Afghanistan.

This Railway Project if completed by India would have served India an alternative Trade Route with Afghanistan and the Rest of Central Asian Countries.

For the Railway Line Construction, Memorandum of Agreement was signed between the Indian Government’s IRCON International Limited (Indian Railway Construction Limited) and the Iranian Railways during the visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Iran back in 2016.

Kharif Crops Sowing Area Increases 2.5 Times as Compared to Last Year

Kharif Crops are grown in hot and humid rain fed areas. As per the data from the Indian Meteorological Department, June 2020 was the wettest June in Indian in the last 12 years. As per the LPA- Long Period Average, the country has excessive overall rainfall in June 2020 with 118 percent. Above 110 percent is considered as excess in LPA.

This has resulted in 2.5 Times Increase in the Sowing Area of Kharif Crops across the country.

Sowing Area of Kharif Crops as on 9th July 2020

The 2019 date is as per the data available on 9th July 2019, while 2020 data is as of 9th July 2020.

  • Pulses: 2019-24.49 lakh hectare, 2020- 64.25 lakh hectare
  • Coarse Cereals: 2019-71.96 lakh hectare, 2020-93.24 lakh hectare
  • Oilseeds: 2019-75.27 lakh hectare, 2020-139.37 lakh hectare
  • Sugarcane:  2019- 50.59 lakh hectare, 2020-50.89 lakh hectare
  • Cotton: 2019- 77.71 lakh hectare, 2020-104.82 lakh hectare
  • Jute & Mesta: 2019: 6.82 lakh hectare, 2020- 6.87 lakh hectare
  • Rice: 2019- 95.73 lakh hectare, 2020-120.77 lakh hectare

Kharif Crops

Kharif crops are cultivated and harvested in India generally between June to November depending on the monsoon rains of that particular region. These crops are sown after the first rain of the southwest monsoon season in June or sometimes even during the last week of May in Southern parts of the country. Kharif Crops are directly dependent on the quantity and timing of rainfall.