India Current Affairs [Gov. & Politics]

Latest India Current Affairs and Current Affairs related to Government policy, polity and administration in India. India’s National Current Affairs updates for 2019.

Facts Box: Kozhikode Flight Accident and Tabletop Airport

An Air India Express Flight on special “Vande Bharat” Mission overshot the runway at Kozhikode and fell into a valley. The flight carried passengers from Dubai to Kozhikode. Similar accidents have occurred in India earlier as well. In 2010, similar incident occurred in Mangalore airport where more than 150 people lost their lives.

Tabletop Airports

The Tabletop Airport is an airport that is built on top of hilly surfaces or plateau. The runways in these airports have one or both ends overlooking a drop. The tabletop airports in India inlucde Shimla and Kullu (Himachal Pradesh), Lengpui (Mizoram), Pakyong (Sikkim), Kozhikode and Kannur (Kerala) and Mangaluru (Karnataka).

The other Tabletop airports outside India include Kathmandu in Nepal and Paro in Bhutan.

What is the issue?

The Tabletop airports require precision approach with little to no room errors. These airports are not suited for landing wide bodied aircrafts as they require longer distances to slow down. For instance, the DGCA (Directorate General of Civil Aviation) had banned wide-bodies aircrafts from landing at Kozhikode airport.

Steps to improve safety

The following steps are essential to improve safety of tabletop airports

  • The runways should meet required Navigation Performance approach
  • Safety features such as RESA (Runway End Safety Area) should be made mandatory
  • The aircraft over run is mainly caused due to lack of friction. The table top airports are located at higher altitudes where rainfall and humid weather is common. This reduces the friction between the wheels of the aircrafts and the runway leading to insufficient braking. In order to overcome such problems, ground arresting systems for aircrafts can be used.
  • Technical upgrades such making the runways of table top airports enabled with Instrument Landing System.
  • Appropriate Crew Source Management Training should be strictly enforced.

Runway End Safety Area

RESA is an area at the end of the runway intended to reduce the risk of damage to an aircraft

Indian Railways to transport dyes to Bangladesh from Gujarat after Chillies from AP

The Indian Railways is to operate first parcel special train to Bangladesh under Ahmedabad division. The train is to traverse 2,110 km to reach Benapole in Bangladesh. The Western Railways sent goods train earlier with loaded wagons of onion to Bangladesh.

Highlights

The Western Railway Zone has achieved record by sending a parcel train from Gujarat to Bangladesh. The train is to carry denim cloth, dyes and colours. This is to generate a revenue of Rs 31 lakhs.

Earlier, the Indian Railways operated the first ever special parcel train to Bangladesh transporting dry chillies from Andhra Pradesh. The western Railways has transported commodities weighing 92,000 tonnes in its parcel special trains. This mainly included medicines, milk, agricultural produce, milk, etc. This generated revenue of about Rs 29 crores.

Irritants between India and Bangladesh

National Register of Citizens

The National Register of Citizens (NRC) left out 1.9 million Assamese from the list of groups labelled as “Illegal Immigrants”. However, according to Bangladesh Government no migrants travelled to Assam illegally during 1971 war of independence.

Rohingyas

Bangladesh is facing challenges in providing shelter to over a million of Rohingya refugees fleeing persecution from their own country, Myanmar. India has refused to share the burden.

Teesta River sharing

The West Bengal State Government refused to endorse water sharing terms agreed in 2015. This has created the current impasse. The lack of water to 100,000 hectares of land in Bangladesh because of this has led to contamination of soil and has increased cost of pesticides.

Bilateral Trade

The bilateral trade between India and Bangladesh was over 9 billion USD in 2017-18. The Bangladeshi exports increased by 91% and reached 1.25 billion USD in 2018-19. Also, in 2018, Bangladesh imported 660 MW of power. A 1,600 MW of power station is to be developed to boost power trade between the countries.