India Current Affairs [Gov. & Politics]

Latest India Current Affairs and Current Affairs related to Government policy, polity and administration in India. India’s National Current Affairs updates for 2019.

National Crisis Management Committee meets to review AMPHAN preparedness

The AMPHAN Super Cyclone is expected to reach West Bengal by May 20, 2020. The wind speeds are expected to be between 155 km/hr and 165 km/hr. In order to review the preparatory measures, the National Crisis Management Committee met under the chairmanship of Cabinet Secretary.

National Crisis Management Committee

The National Crisis Management Committee oversees the command, coordination and control of disaster response. It gives direction to the Crisis Management Group as when necessary.

Functions of the Committee

The National Crisis Management Committee reviews the measures required to deal with natural calamity. It coordinates the activities of the state governments and central ministries in relation to disaster preparedness.

Upon constitution of National Crisis Management Committee, the Agriculture secretary seeks directions and provides information in all matters.

Background

Between 1965 and 2017, around 46 severe cyclonic storms have hit Bay of Bengal. Cyclone Phailin that hit in 2013 and super cyclone of 1999 are the cyclones that affected the coasts of Odisha badly. In 2019, Cyclone Fani made landfall in Odisha that claimed lives of 40 people.

COVID-19: ICMR Clinical Trials on BCG Vaccine

The Indian Council of Medical Research is conducting clinical trials to check on the efficacy of Tuberculosis vaccines against COVID-19.

Highlights

The ICMR is to focus on vaccine potential of India in reducing death of COVID-19 infected patients. The trials that will find out the efficacy of BCG Vaccine in COVID-19 patients is to be conducted in conjunction with National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis.

BCG Vaccine

The BCG vaccine is Bacillus Calmette-Guerin. It is a vaccine that uses live attenuated stain of Mycobacterium Bovis. Meaning, the potency of the pathogen is disabled artificially and the characters are retained.

National BCG Vaccination Policy

India is currently following National BCG Vaccination Policy. According to the National Family Health Survey, around 91.9% of children in the age group of 12 to 23 months are receiving the vaccine. The survey also says that India has the capacity of producing 2,800 lakh BCG Vaccine doses in a year.

Background

The researchers of Biomedical sciences of New York Institute of Technology have reported that the countries administered BCG Vaccine Programme has less incidents of COVID-19 as compared to countries that did not administer the programme.