India Current Affairs [Gov. & Politics]

Latest India Current Affairs and Current Affairs related to Government policy, polity and administration in India. India’s National Current Affairs updates for 2019.

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana: Average completion Time of houses comes down to 114 days

The Government of India recently brought down the average completion time for houses under restructured Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Gramin. The number of days comes down to 114 days.

Highlights

The GoI has brought down the number of days of completion of work under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana from 314 days to 114 days. The number of days was provided by the National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.

The scheme is expected to achieve target of completion of 2.95 crore houses by March 2022. So far, 1.10 crores of houses were constructed under the scheme. This includes 1.46 lakhs of houses to landless beneficiaries.

The Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana was launched by PM Modi to provide Housing for All by 2022.

National Institute of Public Finance and Policy

The NIFPF is a premier research institution in public economics and policy. The institute operates under Ministry of Finance. It was founded in 1976. It maintains non-government character though it receives annual grant from Ministry of Finance and other State Governments.

The institution undertakes research, capacity building and policy advocacy in areas related to public economics. The Governing body of the institute includes revenue secretary, Chief Economic Advisor from the Finance Ministry. Economic Affairs Secretary and representatives from NITI Aayog.

Low to Moderate Earthquake at 2 crustal depths in Arunachal Himalaya

The growth of Himalayas is a continuous process. This causes frequent earthquakes in the region. The study from Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology says that the seismic activity in the eastern most part of Himalayas generate earthquake in two concentrated depths.

Highlights

According to the study, low magnitude earthquakes are caused at 1-15 km depth and earthquakes of magnitude 4 and above are generated between 25 and 35 km depth. The region between these depths are void of seismic activities. It is made of a zone of partial melts.

Background

The growth of Himalayas is mainly due to reverse faults. In reverse faults, the rocks on the lower surface of the fault plane move under the static rocks that are on the upper surface. This is called under thrusting. The Indian plate under thrusts beneath the Eurasian plate.

The under thrusting keeps modifying drainage pattern of rivers, landforms. This is the main reason for the immense seismic activity in the Himalayan region.

TTS Zone of Himalayas: Significance

The TTS Zone is Tuting-Tidding Suture Zone of the Eastern Himalayas. It takes a sharp southward bend in the TTS Zone. It is the zone where the Himalayas connect with the Indo-Burma range.

The TTS Zone has gained importance lately as GoI is bringing in several new infrastructure projects in the region. This includes hydroelectric power projects, road, and railway construction. Thus, it is important to understand the pattern of seismic activity in the region.