Governance & Politics Current Affairs - 2020

Latest India Current Affairs and Current Affairs related to Government policy, polity and administration in India. India’s National Current Affairs updates for 2019.

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Report says STEM jobs raising in India

One of the job sites, indeed released a report that jobs related to Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics have increased by 44% between November 2016 and November 2019.

Highlights

The report said that Delhi led the was with 31% of overall postings. It was also high in other Metros like Mumbai contributing to 21% of the posting, Bengaluru-14%, Pune-12%, Hyderabad-12% and Chennai-10%. The Western region of all part of India has the highest job postings of STEM.

Indeed is a private jobs searching portal. However, the report is justifiable from the predictions of National Science Foundation. According to NSF, 80% of the jobs created in the next decade will require some form of science and mathematics skills.

Barriers in India

The real issue is that though India’s demand is good and growing, the real man power to fill in the demand, the younger generation is lagging skills to fulfill with the demands. This is mainly because of the minimal contribution of education system towards STEM field at school level.

India is still following exam-oriented evaluation in STEM fields as well. This model is difficult to develop STEM oriented skills in children. Also, the right age of children to develop their interests towards science and technology is 8 years. The infrastructure and man power to identify their interests at that age is lagging. This is mainly because of the following

  • The biggest challenge of STEM in Indian education is curriculum, infrastructure and guidance support
  • Another major hinderance is funding. Schools require maker spaces, good computers and DIY (Do IT Yourself) tools.
  • Educators still believe that STEM introduction will divert students from concentrating on other curriculum. Therefore, they hesitate to adopt STEM education.

GoI established I4C and a portal to deal cyber crimes

On January 10, 2020, the Union Home Minister Amit Shah inaugurated the Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C) and a National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal. The centre was approved in October 2018 at a cost of 416 crores.

Highlights

The I4C has 7 major components. It includes National cyber Crime Threat Analysis Unit, Platform for Joint Cyber crime Investigation team, National Cyber Crime reporting portal, cyber crime ecosystem management unit, national cyber-crime training centre, National Cyber Research and Innovation centre and Cyber crime Ecosystem management unit.

So far, 15 state governments and Union Territories have agreed to set up Regional Cyber Crime Coordination Centres.

The National Cyber Crime reporting portal will enable the citizens to report cyber crimes online. It has specific focus on crimes against child pornography, women, child sex abuse.

Significance

According to NCRB (National Crime Research Bureau), 2017, the cyber crimes has doubled in India. Apart from I4C, the central government has also launched NIC-CERT (National Informatics Centre-Computer Emergency Response Team).

The centres are highly important for India to achieve its 5 trillion-dollar economy by 2024. This is because, Indian Power sector alone faces at least 30 events being reported daily. The attacks originate from Singapore, China and Russia.