Governance & Politics Current Affairs - 2020

Latest India Current Affairs and Current Affairs related to Government policy, polity and administration in India. India’s National Current Affairs updates for 2019.

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

GoI established I4C and a portal to deal cyber crimes

On January 10, 2020, the Union Home Minister Amit Shah inaugurated the Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C) and a National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal. The centre was approved in October 2018 at a cost of 416 crores.

Highlights

The I4C has 7 major components. It includes National cyber Crime Threat Analysis Unit, Platform for Joint Cyber crime Investigation team, National Cyber Crime reporting portal, cyber crime ecosystem management unit, national cyber-crime training centre, National Cyber Research and Innovation centre and Cyber crime Ecosystem management unit.

So far, 15 state governments and Union Territories have agreed to set up Regional Cyber Crime Coordination Centres.

The National Cyber Crime reporting portal will enable the citizens to report cyber crimes online. It has specific focus on crimes against child pornography, women, child sex abuse.

Significance

According to NCRB (National Crime Research Bureau), 2017, the cyber crimes has doubled in India. Apart from I4C, the central government has also launched NIC-CERT (National Informatics Centre-Computer Emergency Response Team).

The centres are highly important for India to achieve its 5 trillion-dollar economy by 2024. This is because, Indian Power sector alone faces at least 30 events being reported daily. The attacks originate from Singapore, China and Russia.

Supreme Court: Access to Internet-a fundamental right

On January 10, 2020, the Supreme Court of India said that Right of access to internet is a fundamental right. The Court had asked the administration of Jammu and Kashmir to review the curbs on internet in a week.

Lately the Indian Government had been using internet shut down as a tool to control protest in the country against the Citizenship Amendment Bill. It was predominant in the north eastern states.

Highlights

A three-member bench of the apex court heard on a batch of pleas against complete blockage of internet in Kashmir. Kashmir was shut out of internet for five months now, since abrogation of Article 370.

The bench pronounced that freedom of speech and expression and freedom to practice any business or trade over internet is constitutionally protected under Article 19 (1).

The judgement also read that Section 144 CrPC shall not be used to suppress freedom of speech and expression.

2016 UN Resolution

In 2016, the UNHRC (United Nations Human Rights Council) released a resolution that condemned disruption of internet access by government. Before passing the resolution UN quoted that there were 15 internet shut downs in 2015 and 20 in 2017. The UN referred to internet ban in Turkey after terrorist attacks, internet shut down in India after local protests and internet blockage in Algeria.