Governance & Politics Current Affairs - 2020

Latest India Current Affairs and Current Affairs related to Government policy, polity and administration in India. India’s National Current Affairs updates for 2019.

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Health Ministry modifies National Blood Policy to allow Blood banks to borrow units from one another

Union Ministry of Health & Family Welfare has made a major modification in the National Blood Policy (NBP), 2002 to allow blood banks to borrow units from one another in case of a shortage.

This decision was taken as part of reforms for handling of blood units in the country based on the recommendation of the National Blood Transfusion Council (NBTC).

The ministry also has made modification in the policy to fix an exchange value for surplus plasma available at some blood banks in the country. This move will help to curb the trading or selling of surplus plasma by the blood banks with proper regulatory framework.

Implications: Increase the availability of essential life saving medicines like immunoglobulins, human albumin and clotting factors which are all derived from plasma. Reduce the country’s dependence on import of these products.

Background

  • Country is facing shortage of blood units and it was a recurring problem since the Supreme Court banned paid donation in January 1998.
  • Following SC’s order, Union Government had framed National Blood Policy, 2002 to phase out replacement donation in 5 years and promote voluntary blood donations.
  • To further promote voluntary blood donations, National and State Blood Transfusion Councils were established in the 1990s.

It should be noted that, human blood is treated as a drug as per provisions of Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940. Presently, India has around 2,760 licensed blood banks as per the Central Drug Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO).

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Telecom operators to compensate consumers by Rs 1 for call drop: TRAI

Telecom Regulatory Authority of Indian (TRAI) has made it mandatory for telecom operators to compensate consumers by Rs.1 for call drops with effect from 1 January 2016.

As per new TRAI rules

  • The compensation will be limited to three dropped calls in a particular day.
  • It is mandatory for telecom operators to send a message to the calling customer within 4 hours of the occurrence of call drop along with details of amount credited in his account.
  • In case of post-paid customers, the compensation details of the credit should be provided in the next bill.

What is Call drop?

  • Call drop occurs after voice call is interrupted or disconnected before it is completed after being successfully established.
  • Thus, it can be said that it represents telecom operator’s inability to maintain a successfully established call prior to their normal completion.
  • Reasons: Call drop may occur if signal strength of mobile tower of telecom operator goes below the minimum acceptable single to make a call.
  • It may also even occur due to interference created by bad environmental conditions and because of improper hard handoff if user is moving from one cell to another cell.

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