Governance & Politics Current Affairs - 2020

Latest India Current Affairs and Current Affairs related to Government policy, polity and administration in India. India’s National Current Affairs updates for 2019.

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Shopper Malware: 14% Indians affected

A new Trojan called Shopper malware is increasing its presence among smart phone users. The malware is screening unsolicited ads and flashing fake reviews.

Highlights

The malware is now focusing on retail applications. The malware is capable of reading data being entered on the screen. As the trojan gains permission, it interacts with the system interfaces and captures every data being featured in the screen. After acquiring information, it is using google and Facebook data to register on popular shopping sites.

Earlier Malware encounters

Prior to Shopper Malware, the largest such infection was created by “Trojan-Dropper”.  This was between October 2019 to November 2019. It affected 14.23% of Indians. Russia was the most affected. Around 28.46% of Russians were infected due to the malware.

With these increasing cyber-crimes, Indian Government has set up Cyber Swachhta Kendra to detect such malware infections and clean them at the earliest.

Cyber Swachhta Kendra

The CSK are Botnet cleaning and Malware analysis centres. They operate under Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) under Ministry of Electronics and information Technology. They were established in accordance with National Cyber Security Policy. The Centre provides malware removal tools to fix them permanently. It is important to develop more such centres as India ranks third in list of countries with highest number of cyber threats.

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Report says STEM jobs raising in India

One of the job sites, indeed released a report that jobs related to Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics have increased by 44% between November 2016 and November 2019.

Highlights

The report said that Delhi led the was with 31% of overall postings. It was also high in other Metros like Mumbai contributing to 21% of the posting, Bengaluru-14%, Pune-12%, Hyderabad-12% and Chennai-10%. The Western region of all part of India has the highest job postings of STEM.

Indeed is a private jobs searching portal. However, the report is justifiable from the predictions of National Science Foundation. According to NSF, 80% of the jobs created in the next decade will require some form of science and mathematics skills.

Barriers in India

The real issue is that though India’s demand is good and growing, the real man power to fill in the demand, the younger generation is lagging skills to fulfill with the demands. This is mainly because of the minimal contribution of education system towards STEM field at school level.

India is still following exam-oriented evaluation in STEM fields as well. This model is difficult to develop STEM oriented skills in children. Also, the right age of children to develop their interests towards science and technology is 8 years. The infrastructure and man power to identify their interests at that age is lagging. This is mainly because of the following

  • The biggest challenge of STEM in Indian education is curriculum, infrastructure and guidance support
  • Another major hinderance is funding. Schools require maker spaces, good computers and DIY (Do IT Yourself) tools.
  • Educators still believe that STEM introduction will divert students from concentrating on other curriculum. Therefore, they hesitate to adopt STEM education.

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