India Current Affairs 2017

Indian Scientists develop biopolymer for water purification

Indian scientists have developed an eco-friendly biopolymer using nanotechnology for water-softening and water purification applications.

It was developed by the team of scientists from Guwahati (Assam) based Institute of Advance Study in Science & Technology (IASST).

Key highlights of research

  • The eco-friendly biopolymer has been created using a naturally occurring substance, called chitosan.
  • The chitosan has been obtained naturally from the hard outer skeleton of shellfish including crab, lobster, and shrimp as a backbone for the carbon nanoparticles to sit on.
  • In this biopolymer, nanoparticles are the functional parts of the technology as they remove calcium and magnesium components of water through ion exchange. Thus, it shows the same process that is used by common water purifiers.
  • Significance: This natural material is the first of its kind with potential to act as a biodegradable and green material for water-softening applications.
  • Potential Applications: This eco-friendly biodegradable biopolymer can be used in civic water treatment plants for generating potable water.
  • It will reduce dependency on conventional water-softening techniques that uses synthetic resins as they do not have very effective water-softening methods and produced very crude treated water.


Union Government launches Startup India portal and mobile app

The Union Government has launched the Startup India portal ( and mobile application.

It was launched by the Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP) Ramesh Abhishek in New Delhi as an integral component of the Action Plan of the Startup India.

Key features

  • Information Availability: The portal and mobile app provide up-to- date information issued by various Government ministries/ departments.
  • They will also provide information regarding incubators and funding agencies recognized for the purpose of recommending Startups.
  • Startup India Hub:  It was established within Invest India, will be a single point of contact for the entire Startup ecosystem.
  • It would enable exchange of knowledge and will work in a hub and spoke model with Governments, Angel Funds, VCs, Incubators, Mentors, etc.
  • It will assist Startups on all aspects through their lifecyclesuch as providing mentorship, incubator facilities, IPR support, funding etc.
  • Application for Startup Recognition: It provides simple and user friendly process of recognition for start-ups listed in the Startup India Action Plan.
  • Real Time Startup Recognition: Provide a real time digital version final recognition certificate is provided to Startups on completion of the application process.
  • Verification of Recognition Certificate: The portal and mobile app will help in process of

verification of certificates by entering the Startup Recognition/ Certificate Number.

  • Approval of Inter-Ministerial Board: Inter-Ministerial Board set up DIPP will verify the eligibility of Startups opting to avail Tax and IPR related benefits.


  • The “Startup India” initiative was launched by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi on January 16, 2016 at Vigyan Bhavan, New Delhi.
  • As part of it Startup India Action Plan was released. It highlights initiatives envisaged by the Government to develop a conducive Startup ecosystem in the country.