International Current Affairs 2018

Latest International Current Affairs 2017 with news summaries and current events in International developments, geopolitical, organizations, groupings and fora related updates for India and world with all important national news updates and events for the year 2017.

Malaria Summit held in London

The Malaria Summit was held in London, United Kingdom organisations to make game-changing commitments towards beating malaria. It was organized by non-profit organisation Malaria No More in conjunction with Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and supported by British Prime Minister Theresa May.

Key Facts

The summit coincided with Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) in London, a biennial convening of 53 Commonwealth leaders, whose countries are disproportionately affected by malaria. It united 14 heads of state and governments, scientists, private sector and international organisations to make game-changing commitments towards beating malaria.

The participants committed on high level political commitment towards malaria elimination, significant increase in investment from malaria endemic countries to leverage and complement donor funding, new innovative tools to overcome the growing threat of resistance and improved methods to track disease to enable more effective and efficient intervention and to prevent resurgence.

The summit pledged investment of over $3.8 billion to pay for innovation in malaria research and treatment. The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria also pledged $2 billion would be invested in 46 countries affected by malaria between 2018-20.

Malaria

Malaria is life-threatening mosquito-borne blood disease caused by Plasmodium parasite. It is transmitted to humans through bite of Anopheles mosquito. Once infected mosquito bites human, the parasites multiply in host’s liver before infecting and destroying red blood cells.

Symptoms of mosquito resemble those of flu, but, without treatment, the effects can sometimes be long-term and fatal. It can be treated and controlled with early diagnosis. Currently, no vaccine is licensed for use in the United States or globally, although one is available in Europe.

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United Nations launches UN Road Safety Trust Fund

United Nations has launched UN Road Safety Trust Fund to improve road safety worldwide to save lives and prevent the loss of opportunity associated with road accidents. UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) is secretariat for the trust fund. The fund has potential to galvanise global efforts to address road safety situation, building on progress made and experience gained over Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020.

United Nations Road Safety Trust Fund

The fund aims to accelerate progress in improving global road safety by bridging gaps in mobilization of resources for effective action at all levels. It will mobilize resources from governments, intergovernmental or non-governmental organizations (NGOs), private sector, philanthropic organizations and individuals.

It will support efforts along five pillars of Global Plan for Decade of Action for Road Safety (2011-20), which include improved safety of road infrastructure and broader transport networks; strengthened road safety management capacities; enhanced safety of vehicles; improved behaviour of road users and improved post-crash care.

The fund will serve as catalyst for much-needed progress towards road safety targets of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). SDG targets 3.6 and 11.2 aim to halve number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents and provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems as well as improve road safety for all.

Resolution on road safety

The UN General Assembly (UNGA) also adopted resolution on road safety, sponsored by Russia. It calls for host of measures to prevent road accidents and to minimising resulting damage. It has urged adoption of policies and measures to implement vehicle safety regulations to ensure that all new motor vehicles meet applicable minimum regulations for protection of occupants and other road users, with seat belts, airbags and active safety systems fitted as standard equipment.

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