International Current Affairs - 2019

Latest International Current Affairs 2019 with news summaries and current events in International developments, geopolitical, organizations, groupings and fora related updates for India and world with all important national news updates and events for the year 2019.

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India, Argentina Sign 10 MoUs & Agreements

India and Argentina signed 10 MoUs and Agreements during the ongoing three-day visit of the Argentine President Mauricio Macri. President Mauricio Macri of Argentina held bilateral talks with the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 18th February 2019. The visit of Argentine President Mauricio Macri also marks 70 years of the establishment of diplomatic relations between New Delhi and Buenos Aires.

MoUs and Agreements Signed

Six MoUs were signed between the two sides are:

  • MoU on defence cooperation was signed between the defence ministries of the two nations.
  • MoU on Tourism was signed for cooperation in the field of Tourism.
  • MoU on Broadcasting content was signed on Cooperation and Collaboration between Prasar Bharti, India and the Federal System of Media and Public Contents, Argentina.
  • MoU in pharmaceuticals was signed between the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation(CDSCO), GoI, and National Administration of Drugs, Food and Medical Technology, Argentina.
  • MoU on Antarctic Co-operation was signed between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship of Argentina and the Ministry of Earth Sciences of India.
  • MOU was signed between Global Centre for Nuclear Energy Partnership (GCNEP), India, and CNEA, the Secretariat of Energy, Argentina.

Two work-plans have been agreed upon in the field of Agriculture –

  • Work Plan on Cooperation between the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare of India and the Ministry of Production and Labour of Argentina.
  • Work Plan for the year 2019-21 between Indian Council of Agriculture Research and the State Secretary of Agro-industry of the Ministry of Production and Labour of Argentina

An Agreement was signed for the establishment of India-Argentina Centre of Excellence for Information and Technology.

Modi-Macri Joint Statement

Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Macri met for the fifth time. The last time they met was on the sidelines of the G20 Summit held in Argentina in December 2018. Prime Minister  Modi hailed the 70 years of Indo-Argentine ties in the joint statement. Both the nations strongly condemned terrorism, the recent incident being the Pulwama terrorist attack on 14th February 2019, which claimed the lives of 40 CRPF personnel.

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Iran Unveils New ‘Fateh’ Submarine

The Iranian President Hassan Rouhani has unveiled a “state-of-the-art” domestically produced submarine capable of firing cruise missiles. The launch has gained significance due to the skewed relations with the USA.

Fateh Submarine

  • The launch was held in the southern port city of Bandar Abbas.
  • Fateh, which means ‘Conqueror’ in Farsi (Persian language) is Iran’s first submarine in the semi-heavy category.
  • It fills a gap between the light Ghadir-class and the heavy Kilo-class submarines that Iran possesses.
  • The underwater-vessel weighs nearly 600 tonnes and is equipped with torpedoes and naval mines in addition to cruise missiles.
  • The submarine can operate more than 200 metres below sea level for up to 35 days.
  • It has subsurface-to-surface missiles with a range of about 2,000 kilometres (1,250 miles), making it capable in reaching Israel and U.S. military bases in the region.
  • The launch is one of the most important projects Iran’s military have undertaken in the last 40 years mostly because of its vertical launching system.

Heightening Global Tensions

Iran has been aggressively launching new weapons in the recent few months. On 2nd February 2019, the day of the 40th Anniversary of the Islamic Revolution, they successfully test-fired the Hoveizeh cruise missile, with a range of up to 1,350km. Again on 7th February, they test-fired a new surface-to-surface ballistic missile with a range of 1,000 kilometres (620 miles) called the Dezful. This aggressive weaponisation by Iran and the withdrawal of the USA from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action or JCPOA on May 8, 2018, is fuelling the global tensions.

About JCPOA

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, known commonly as the Iran nuclear deal or Iran deal, is an agreement on the Iranian nuclear program reached in Vienna on 14 July 2015 between Iran, the P5+1 (USA, UK, China, Russia, France and Germany), and the European Union.

Under this agreement, Iran agreed to reduce its medium-enriched Uranium stockpile and reduce the number of Uranium centrifuges in the coming 13 years. Iran also agreed to give regular access to International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to their nuclear facilities. In return, the economic and nuclear sanctions on Iran were lifted by the USA, EU and the United Nations.

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