International Current Affairs 2018

Latest International Current Affairs 2018 with news summaries and current events in International developments, geopolitical, organizations, groupings and fora related updates for India and world with all important national news updates and events for the year 2018. A PDF compilation of latest 300 updates can be downloaded from This Link

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

October 17: International Day for the Eradication of Poverty

The International Day for the Eradication of Poverty (IDEP) is observed every year on October 17 to raise people’s awareness of the need to eradicate poverty and destitution worldwide, particularly in developing countries. The 2018 theme was ‘Coming together with those furthest behind to build an inclusive world of universal respect for human rights and dignity’.

This year’s significance

This year marks 25th anniversary of institution of this day, through declaration by UN General Assembly (UNGA) in its resolution 47/196 in December 1992. This year also marks the 30th anniversary of Call to Action by Father Joseph  Wresinski which inspired observance of October 17 as World Day for Overcoming Extreme Poverty and recognition of day by UN as International Day for the Eradication of Poverty. This year also marks 70th anniversary of proclamation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Background

The International Day for the Eradication of Poverty (IDEP) was instituted by UNGA by adopting a resolution on 22 December 1992 to promote awareness among people to eradicate poverty and destitution around the world particularly in developing countries. It was observed for the first time in 1993.

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International Day of Rural Women: October 15

The International Day of Rural Women is observed every year on October 15 to recognize the crucial role and contribution of rural women. The 2018 theme of the day was “Sustainable infrastructure, services and social protection for gender equality and the empowerment of rural women and girls”.

The observance of day highlights role and contribution of rural women, including indigenous women in enhancing rural and agricultural development, eradicating rural poverty and improving food security and ensuring sustainability of rural households and communities, improving rural livelihoods and overall wellbeing.

Background

The International Day of Rural Women was instituted by the UN General Assembly (UNGA) by passing resolution 62/136 in December 2007. It was first observed on15 October 2008. According to UN, empowerment of rural women is pre-requisite for fulfilling vision of the Sustainable Development Goals (SGDs) which aims at ending poverty and hunger, achieve food security and empower all women and girls.

Rural women, make up over a quarter of the total world population. Majority of them depend on natural resources and agriculture for their livelihood.  They produce, prepare and process much of the food available, thereby giving them primary responsibility for food security. Thus, International Day of Rural Women recognises contribution and significant role played by these rural women in food security and poverty elevation.

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