International Current Affairs - 2020

Latest International Current Affairs 2019 with news summaries and current events in International developments, geopolitical, organizations, groupings and fora related updates for India and world with all important national news updates and events for the year 2019.

India-Venezuela: Signed Cultural Exchange Programme

Screenshot_2India and Venezuela signed a programme on cultural exchanges in the fields of publication, film and media, image and space arts, stage and music arts. The programme will last for three years and will be renewed automatically thereafter.

Excerpts of the Programme of Cultural Exchange
  • To promote the exchange of bilingual publications (traditional and contemporary stories).
  • To make an issue of the magazine ‘’Actualidades” (a CELARG publication) on the Republic of India or on Indian writers.
  • On a reciprocal basis, participation of India in the Venezuela’s International Book Fair.
  • To encourage the participation of Venezuelan and Indian poets and writers in the literature festivals organized by both countries.
  • To encourage the participation of India in the Venezuela’s World Festival of Poetry.
  • To boost the exchange of knowledge with specialists in the field of drawing techniques with natural pigments, specialists in dying with natural inks, as well as the use of enzymes.
  • Participation of a Venezuelan theatre company in the New Delhi’s Festival to diffuse the Venezuelan theatre in the Republic of India.
  • Encourage the acquisition of Distribution Rights of Indian film works by the film distributor Amazonia Films.
  • Encourage the institutional links between the Autonomous National Center of Film Making of the BolivarianRepublic of Venezuela and the Institute of Cinema and Television of the Republic of India.
  • Participation of one dancer or couple of dancers from India at the International Dance Festivals Solos y Duetos (Solos & Duets).

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First human artificial heart transplant executed in France

An artificial heart that can give patients up to five years of extra life has been successfully implanted for the first time, at Georges Pompidou Hospital in Paris, France. The equipment designed to overcome the worldwide shortage of transplant donors was produce by French Biomedical firm Carmat, a start-up funded by the Dutch-based European Aeronautic Defense and Space Company (EADS).

About Artificial Heart
  • Powered by external, wearable Lithium-ion batteries.
  • Inside the heart, surfaces that come into contact with human blood are made partly from bovine tissue instead of synthetic materials such as plastic that can cause blood clots.
  • Uses a range of “biomaterials”, including bovine tissue, to reduce the likelihood of the body rejecting it.
  • Weighs about 900g (around 2 lb) – nearly three times more than an average healthy human heart. It is expected to cost 140,000 to 180,000 euros in Europe.
  • It mimics heart muscle contractions and contains sensors that adapt the blood flow to the patient’s moves.
  • Intended to replace a real heart for as many as five   years, unlike previous artificial hearts that were created mainly for temporary use.

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