International Current Affairs - 2020

Latest International Current Affairs 2019 with news summaries and current events in International developments, geopolitical, organizations, groupings and fora related updates for India and world with all important national news updates and events for the year 2019.

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Geneva to host first Global Refugee Forum

The first ever Global Refugee Forum is being held in Geneva, Switzerland from 17-18 December 2019. It is being jointly hosted by United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) along with Government of Switzerland. At GRF the international community will showcase and exchange good practices at national, regional or global levels.

About Global Refugee Forum 2019

Objective: To give impetus to efforts to achieve compact’s objectives and translate international solidarity into concrete action.

Six Thematic Areas on which First Global Refugee Forum will focus: Arrangements for burden and responsibility-sharing, Solutions, Energy and Infrastructure, Protection Capacity, Jobs and Livelihoods and Education.

A successful GRF will see more states and other actors joining the response to refugee situation as donors, hosts and partners. GRF also hopes to enlist the ‘missing middle’- that is, those states that could either contribute more or host more refugees.

Participants: GRF will be convened at the ministerial level and participants will gather to address current refugee situation. It will be a high-level gathering of states and other stakeholders including UN member states, together with private businesses, nonprofits and nongovernmental organisations (including Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS)). High-level delegations from co-host Switzerland and from co-convening countries Germany, Costa Rica, Ethiopia, Turkey and Pakistan as well as UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres are scheduled to attend forum.

Background

This first ever Global Refugee Forum meeting practical implementation of the 2018 Global Compact on Refugees (GCR)– which is a framework that represents political will and ambition of international community as a whole for strengthened cooperation and solidarity with refugees as well as affected host countries. United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) affirmed the Global Compact on Refugees in New York in December 2018. GCR seeks to improve world’s response to refugee situations by ensuring that refugees and nations hosting them receive the support they need.

Four objectives of GCR:

  • Share responsibilities more equitably
  • Enhance refugee self-reliance
  • Expand access to third-country solutions (i.e., permanent resettlement or other opportunities such as scholarships or work permits)
  • Support conditions in countries of origin for safe, voluntary, dignified repatriation

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India to Host International Geological Congress 2020

India is set to host the 36th International Geological Congress (IGC) in New Delhi during the first week of March 2020. The theme for next year conference is ‘Geosciences: The Basic Science for a Sustainable Development’.

About International Geological Congress (IGC)

It is popularly described as ‘Olympics of Geosciences’. The IGCs are a prestigious global geoscientific events held once in four years and participated by nearly 5000-6000 geoscientists from all across the world.

IGC 2020: The 36th IGC is expected to provide a platform for international cooperation in all major field of geosciences including launching of collaborative programs, provision of investment opportunities in environmental management, mineral exploration, mining and related enterprises. It would also help in dealing with problems of sustainability, energy crisis, water crisis, climate change, environmental issues and resource management.

Geological Survey of India is the nodal agency for organizing the IGC 2020. The event is being funded by Union Ministry of Mines (MoM) and Union Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) with support of the Indian National Science Academy (INSA) and National Science Academies of Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Pakistan.

India and IGC: India is the only Asian country to host the IGC event twice. India had earlier hosted the event for the first time in 1964, which was 22nd IGC. The event was inaugurated by then President of India Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. The IGC is making a comeback to India after 56 long years much to the enthusiasm of the entire geoscientific community.

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