International Current Affairs - 2020

Latest International Current Affairs 2019 with news summaries and current events in International developments, geopolitical, organizations, groupings and fora related updates for India and world with all important national news updates and events for the year 2019.

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MEA hosts 6th Indian Ocean Dialogue, Delhi Dialogue XI

Union Ministry of External Affairs will be hosting 6th Indian Ocean Dialogue (IOD) and Delhi Dialogue XI at Pravasi Bharatiya Kendra in New Delhi on 13 December 2019. This is for the first time that these two dialogues, which are key elements of Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), and India-ASEAN calendars will be held consecutively and on similar Indo-Pacific themes.

Theme for 2019 Indian Ocean Dialogue is- ‘Indo-Pacific: Re-imagining the Indian Ocean through an Expanded Geography’.  The 6th IOD which takes place on 13 December, is being organized with assistance of the Indian Council for World Affairs (ICWA).

Theme for 2019 Delhi Dialogue is- ‘Advancing Partnership in Indo-Pacific’. It is being organized with assistance of Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS), a New Delhi–based autonomous policy research institute. The event will be held from 13-14 December.

Key Highlights of 6th Indian Ocean Dialogue

The IOD is Indian Ocean Rim Association’s (IORA’s) premier 1.5 track forum for dialogue between academia and officials on strategic issues of interest and concerns facing the Association. The member states will hold high-level discussions on IORA role within Indo-Pacific. The summit was preceded by 25th Indian Ocean Rim Academic Group (IORAG) (took place on 12 December).

IORAG explored cooperation and collaboration between academics and experts on promoting Academic, Science and Technology Cooperation which is a key priority under IORA Action Plan (2017-2021).

Importance of Indian Ocean Rim Region

Just like Asia-Pacific to east, this IOR region is among the world’s most vital in terms of energy, global commerce, environmental and geopolitical stability. Almost 50% of world’s container ships and two-thirds of world’s oil shipments pass through this region, which is home to around 2.7 billion people.

Cabinet approves Social Security Agreement between India and Brazil

On December 11, 2019, the Union Cabinet chaired by PM Modi gave its approval for signing Agreement on Social Security between India and Brazil. The Social Security Agreement is being signed by India with several other countries in order to protect the interests of the professionals and skilled workers living abroad

Highlights of the agreement

There are around 4.700 Indians living in Brazil and 1,000 Brazilians living in India. The agreement would promote inclusiveness and equity for the Indians living in Brazil and vice versa.

The agreement also allows export of social security benefits of the Indian workers after they relocate from Brazil.

Background

The idea of signing social security agreements conceived in the BRICS Labor and Employment Minsters meet that was held in June 2016 in New Delhi. It was also insisted at the 8th BRICS summit. It was after this summit India and Brazil began their negotiations and finalized the text of Social Security Agreement.

Benefits

The agreement helps to avoid double social security contributions made by the workers. It also avails easy remittance of benefits offered by the governments of the respective countries. The agreement also allows the NRIs to aggregate the contribution periods. This will help to avoid loss of benefits.