International Current Affairs - 2020

Latest International Current Affairs 2019 with news summaries and current events in International developments, geopolitical, organizations, groupings and fora related updates for India and world with all important national news updates and events for the year 2019.

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India-Portugal sign 7 agreements

The Portugal President Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa is on a 4-day visit to India. During his visit, he held talks with PM Modi. After their meeting 4 agreements were signed between the countries

Highlights

The countries signed agreements on culture, transport, investment, industrial and intellectual property rights. Agreements were also signed on developing a world class national maritime heritage complex at Lothal.

The GoI also allocated funds for this joint venture in the Budget 2020-21

Budget 2020-21

The Fund allocated in Budget 2020-21 for the Ministry of Culture was 3,150 crores and for that of Ministry of Tourism was 2,500 crores.

The Fund is partly to be used for construction of a maritime museum at Lothal with the help of Portugal Government.

The funds will also be used in developing 5 archaeological sites.  They are Adichanallur in Tamil Nadu, Sivasagar in Assam, Hastinapur in Uttar Pradesh, Dholavira in Gujarat and Rakhigarhi in Haryana

Also, a tribal museum is to be set up at Ranchi, Jharkhand.

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UN’s IFAD Governing Council: Climate Change will push 100 millions to poverty

The Governing Council of International Fund for Agriculture let in Rome recently. The council says that by 2030 around 100 million people will be pushed to poverty. The council also said that this is mainly due to climate change impact on agriculture.

Highlights

The Government representatives and global development from all over the world attended the 43rd Governing Council of IFAD. The Council reported that around 90% of 17.2 million people displaced were due to climate-related disasters.

Suggestions

The council suggest that there is an urgent need to invest on rural development. This will help avoid the catastrophes arising due to climate change.

Other causes of Poverty

Apart from climate change, conflicts are the other major cause of poverty and hunger. The Council says that in Africa alone, the conflicts have risen by 36% between 2018 and 2019.

Effect on Agriculture

Disasters and Conflicts greatly affect agriculture. They stop agricultural production and stops millions from lifting themselves from their poor conditions.

The recent Locusts attacks in East Africa and West Asia are the best instances for climate change affecting agriculture. The locusts made longer stay as the temperatures were favourable for them. Usually, the cold drives them away. Due to increase in global temperature, they made longer stay.

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