International Current Affairs

Latest International Current Affairs 2019 with news summaries and current events in International developments, geopolitical, organizations, groupings and fora related updates for India and world with all important national news updates and events for the year 2019.

China passes Hong Kong National Security Law

The National People’s Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) has unanimously passed the National Security Law for Hong Kong on 30th June 2020. The three-day meeting of the Standing Committee began on 28th June, on the first day itself the controversial Bill was fast-tracked for approval, on the last day of the meet all 162 members of the Standing Committee approved the Bill.

The National Security Law of Hong Kong is expected to come into effect from 1st July 2020 onwards. Back in 1997, on 1st July, the Hong Kong City was handed over to China as a Special Administrative Region from the British rule.

Earlier in the month, under the National Security Law, the establishment of a National Security Bureau in Hong Kong was confirmed after a three day (from 18th June to 20th June) meeting of the Legislative Affairs Commission (Top lawmaking committee in China). On 19th June 2020, it was also reported in Chinese media that all departments under the Hong Kong government will be directly answerable to Beijing once the legislation is implemented.

Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region of China since 1997 when the former colony was returned by Britain to China.  Matters related to foreign affairs and defence of Hong Kong are controlled by China, rest it has its own- Executive, Legislative, and Independent Judicial Power.

Approx 2.4 Million Children Below the Age of 5 are facing Hunger and Malnutrition in Yemen

The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) on 26th June 2020 has stated that amid the COVID-19 global pandemic, around 2.4 million (24 lakh) children who are below the age of 5 are facing hunger and malnutrition in Yemen.  The global pandemic has further added to a shortage of humanitarian aid in the war-torn nation that is has been struggling with a widespread shortage of essential services, medicines, etc since the beginning of the civil war back in 2015.

UNICEF has further stated that within the next 5-6 months, 30,000 children below the age of 5 could suffer from life-threatening acute malnutrition. More than 90 lakh (9 million) Yemeni children do not have access to hygienic factors such as safe water, food, and sanitation today. During this pandemic, only half of the health facilities are operating in Yemen, that too is struggling to cope due to lack of infrastructure, equipment, staff and other facilities.

Yemen Civil War

The Civil War in Yemen stated in march 2015 between the Houthi Armed Movement and the Government of Yemen. Both the fractions claim to constitute the official Government in Yemen. The Houthi armed forces at present have control over Sanaa (the Capital City of Yemen).