International Current Affairs 2018

3rd ASEM Conference on Global Ageing and Human Rights of Older Persons held in Seoul

The third ASEM (Asia-Europe Meeting) Conference on ‘Global Ageing and Human Rights of Older Persons’  was held in Seoul, capital of South Korea. It was jointly organised by South Korea and National Human Rights Commission of Korea.

Key Facts

The 3-day Conference was attended by International Institutions including United Nations, Regional Institutions such as UNESCAP, UNECE, European Union (EU), ASEAN, GANHRI and also International NGOs, Experts etc.  Indian delegation was led by Union Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment Thaawarchand Gehlot. The Conference reaffirmed universal value of human rights of older persons, shared information on discrimination against elderly and exemplary cases of long-term and palliative care in Asia and Europe. It also discussed operation and tasks of ASEM Global Ageing Centre as implementing institution for mutual cooperation among ASEM members for protection and promotion of human rights of older persons. The experience gained from this Conference will be beneficial for Policy formulation and implementation for welfare of senior citizens.

Asia-Europe Meeting Summit (ASEM)

ASEM is informal process of dialogue and cooperation that brings 53 entities – including 51 countries (including India) from Asia and Europe and two regional bodies European Union (EU) and ASEAN.  It was officially established in March 1996 at the first summit in Bangkok, Thailand. ASEM represents around 62.3% of the world’s population, 57.2% of the global GDP and almost 60% of the world’s trade. The dialogue addresses political, economic and cultural issues between the two regions. It also seeks to strengthen relationship between the two regions in a spirit of mutual respect and equal partnership.

Month: Categories: International Current Affairs 2018

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34 per cent of Indians insufficiently active: Lancet Study

According to recent study published in Lancet Global Health journal, at least 34% of India’s population is insufficiently active. The levels of insufficient activity were higher among women at 48%, while prevalence was 22 %among men. The study was undertaken by researchers from World Health Organisation (WHO). It was based on self-reported activity levels, including activity at work and at home, for transport, and during leisure time in adults aged 18 years and older from 358 population-based surveys in 168 countries.

Key Findings of Study

Globally, more than 1.4 billion adults are at risk of diseases from not doing enough physical activity as around one in three women (32%) and one in four men (23%) do not do enough physical activity to stay healthy. Levels of insufficient physical activity are more than twice as high in high income countries compared with low income countries.

The highest rates of insufficient activity in 2016 were found in adults in Kuwait, American Samoa, Saudi Arabia and Iraq, where more than half of all adults were insufficiently active. Comparatively, around 40% of adults in United States, 36% in UK and 14% in China were insufficiently active. India was ranked 52nd (with 1 being the most inactive, and 168 being the most active) among 168 countries.

Insufficient physical activity puts people at greater risk of non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease, Type 2 diabetes, dementia, and some cancers. If current trends continue, 2025 global activity target of 10% relative reduction in insufficient physical activity will not be met.

Solutions

Cities needed to be more walk friendly and more opportunities for physical activity in public open spaces and parks in workplaces need to be created. The recommended levels of physical activity are at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity physical activity per week. It is also necessary to promote and improve women’s access to opportunities that are safe, affordable and culturally acceptable to address inequalities in physical activity levels between men and women. WHO Global Action Plan on Physical Activity (2018-30) provides selection of policy options targeting different settings and population groups that can be adapted and tailored to local contexts in all countries.

Month: Categories: International Current Affairs 2018

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