International Current Affairs

Latest International Current Affairs 2019 with news summaries and current events in International developments, geopolitical, organizations, groupings and fora related updates for India and world with all important national news updates and events for the year 2019.

Nine-year-long dispute between Sudan, Ethiopia, and Egypt likely to end in Upcoming Weeks

On 26th June 2020, Ethiopia’s Water Minister has stated that a consensus had been reached between the three countries(Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt) over the USD 4.5 billion worth Giant Ethiopian Renaissance Dam and the dam will not be filled unilaterally by Ethiopia. Three countries have been involved in continuous negotiations over the years to reach an agreement.

Over the last couple of months, there were serious clashes and unprecedented escalations reported for the border between Ethiopia and Sudan. Now with the tripartite agreement likely to be signed in upcoming weeks, regional stability at the Horn of Africa might improve significantly in upcoming years.

Background

In 2011 when Ethiopia started construction for the dam on the Blue Nile, Egypt immediately protested. As the Blue Nile which originated from Lake Tana in Ethiopia flows downstream through Sudan to Egypt. Egypt is dependent on the Nile River for freshwater estimated that the dam might block its annual share of water resources of 55.5 billion cubic meters.

Nile River

The Nile River is the longest river in the African continent. There are two major tributaries of the river- the White Nile and the Blue Nile. These two tributaries of the Nile River meet near the capital of Sudan, Khartoum. The White Nile and the Blue Nile enter Sudan from South Sudan and Ethiopia respectively before converging to the north of Khartoum. From Khartoum, the river flows downstream to enter Egypt.

Vote for Constitutional Reforms begins as Putin looks to lead Russia until 2036

On 25th June 2020, Voting for Constitutional Reforms in Russia had begun amid the outbreak of the global COVID-19 pandemic. The voting was originally scheduled to be conducted on 22nd April 2020 had to be rescheduled to 1st July 2020 following the rising number of COVID-19 cases in Russia. In order to maintain social distancing and prevent any sort of overcrowding, the polling stations were opened a week earlier.

About the Constitutional Reforms

Vladimir Putin’s current term as the President of Russia ends in 2024. On 15th January 2020, President Putin during his annual address to the Federal Assembly has announced amendments to 14 articles under the 1993 Constitution of Russia. For introducing these amendments, he called for a nationwide referendum or a national vote.

As per the amendments, the term of the current (Vladimir Putin) and former (Dmitry Medvedev from 2008-2012) President of Russia will be reset or counted from 0 from 2024 so that either of them can be elected as the President again in 2024. At present, a person can serve as the President of Russia for a maximum of two consecutive terms. A term of the President of Russia is of 6 years.