International Current Affairs

Latest International Current Affairs 2019 with news summaries and current events in International developments, geopolitical, organizations, groupings and fora related updates for India and world with all important national news updates and events for the year 2019.

US to donate Ventilators to India

The United States recently announced that it will donate ventilators to India. The announcement is seen as a reciprocal gesture of India’s lift on the export ban of the anti-malarial drug Hydroxychloroquine.

Hydroxychloroquine

India recently lifted the export ban over HCQ drugs. This benefitted the United States to larger extent. Also, US being one of the worst hit nations of COVID-19, the lift of ban was of great help. With the lift, around 50 million HCQ tablets were exported to the US.

However, lately studies are finding out that the drug is failing its efficacy in seriously ill patients. According to a study conducted in France and China, the drug failed in randomized controlled trials.

Both US and China had recommended the use of the drug under their national guidelines.

HCQ in India

ICMR (Indian Council of Medical Research) had recommended the drug in “Prophylactic treatment”. Prophylactic is preventive treatment.

HCQ in WHO

HCQ has been included in one of the four mega trials that are being conducted by WHO (World Health Organization). This includes HCQ, Lopinavir and Ritonavir, Lopinavir and Ritonavir along with Interferon, Remdesivir.

India joins 61 nations in WHO to identify Zoonotic source of COVID-19

On May 18, 2020, India joined 61 other countries in the World Health Organization to identify the source of COVID-19. China and US are not a part of the resolution.

Highlights

The countries together moved a proposal at the WHO to identify zoonotic source. Only three permanent members of the United Nations Security Council have backed the resolution namely Russia, France and UK. The other countries to support the resolution includes South Korea, Japan, Australia, South Africa, India, New Zealand, etc.

From the SAARC countries, only India, Bhutan and Bangladesh have signed the resolution. Other members such as Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Nepal, Maldives and Afghanistan have not signed the resolution.

Significance

The step is important as the bigger economies, especially China and US are politicizing the origin of the virus.

Role of World Organization for Animal Health

The World Organization for Animal Health will conduct field missions to identify the zoonotic source of the virus.

World Organization of Animal Health

The organization was formerly called the OIE (Office International des Epizooties). It is an inter-governmental organization that supports, coordinates and promotes animal disease control.

What are Zoonotic sources?

The Zoonotic sources are animals from which the diseases can transmit to humans.