International Current Affairs - 2019

Latest International Current Affairs 2019 with news summaries and current events in International developments, geopolitical, organizations, groupings and fora related updates for India and world with all important national news updates and events for the year 2019.

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Kim Jong-yang of South Korea elected as new President of Interpol

Kim Jong Yang of South Korea was elected Interpol President for two-year term by member countries at 87th General Assembly of Interpol, held for first time in Dubai. He secured at least two-thirds of votes cast at general assembly and defeated Russia’s Alexander Prokopchuk. He will serve until 2020, completing the four-year mandate of his predecessor, Meng Hongwei, who was detained in China over corruption charges.  

INTERPOL

Interpol is global police co-operation agency and a non-governmental organization (NGO). It was established as the International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC) in 1923. Its headquartered is located at Lyon, France.  It is the world’s largest international police organization, with 194 member countries (including India). It is second-largest international organization after United Nations in terms of international representation.

Its work focuses on public safety and battling terrorism, crimes against humanity, genocide, war crimes, environmental crime etc. It seeks to facilitate international police cooperation even where diplomatic relations do not exist between particular countries. It ensures that police around world have access to tools and services necessary to do their jobs effectively. It also provides targeted training, expert investigative support, relevant data and secure communications channels.

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World Diabetes Day: 14 November

World Diabetes Day was observed every year across the world on 14 November to raise awareness about diabetes. Observance of day aims to pursue multilateral efforts to promote and improve human health and provide access to health-care treatment and education.

The theme for World Diabetes Day 2018 and 2019 is “The Family and Diabetes”. The two-year theme timeframe has been chosen to aise awareness of the impact that diabetes has on the family and support network of those affected and promote role of family in management, care, prevention and education of diabetes.

Background

The World Diabetes Day was instituted by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in 2007 by passing resolution A/RES/61/225. The resolution had encouraged Member States to develop national policies for prevention, treatment and care of diabetes.

Diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic, progressive non-communicable disease (NCD) characterized by elevated levels of blood sugar (blood glucose). It occurs when (i) the pancreas does not produce enough of the insulin hormone, which regulates blood sugar (ii) the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body doesn’t make enough insulin, and type 2 diabetes occurs when the body doesn’t make or use insulin very well, causing glucose to remain in the blood, which can lead to serious problems. The main symptom of diabetes is excess fatigue, frequent urination, dysentery, excessive thirst, etc. Diabetes can also be genetic, but its main cause is obesity, lack of adequate nutrition, etc. Insulin injection is given to the patient suffering from type 1 diabetes. Prevention of type 2 diabetes is quite possible.

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