International Current Affairs - 2020

Latest International Current Affairs 2019 with news summaries and current events in International developments, geopolitical, organizations, groupings and fora related updates for India and world with all important national news updates and events for the year 2019.

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India approaches ICAO

India has approached the world body ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) after Pakistan denied permission for PM Modi to use its air space. The overflight clearances are granted by other countries according to ICAO guidelines.

PM Modi is to visit Saudi Arabia to attend the Future Investment Initiative. In September 2019, Pakistan rejected India’s plea to allow PM Modi’s flight to use its air space. It had also refused to allow President Ram Nath Kovind to use its airspace in the same month for his visit to Iceland.

Pakistan completely closed its airspace to India after Indian Air Force strikes on Jaish0e-Mohammed terror camp in Balakot.

ICAO

ICAO is International Civil Aviation Organization. It is an UN specialized agency that was established in 1944 to manage governance and administration of Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention).

The organization classifies the principles and techniques of international air navigation. It also plans and develops international air transport to ensure safety and security.

Basic ministerial meet on climate change

The 29th ministerial meet of BASIC countries was held at Beijing between October 25-26, 2019. The BASIC countries include Brazil, South Africa, India and China.

Highlights of the meet

  • The ministers emphasized comprehensive implementation of Paris agreement. They also underlined the importance of effective and sustained implementation of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
  • The countries announced their implementations of climate actions as follows
    • China reduced its carbon dioxide emissions by 45.8% from 2005 level
    • India achieved its 21% reduction plan in 2014 as compared to 2005.
    • In 2015, Brazil achieved its 58% emission reduction
    • South Africa has launched carbon tax and has reduced its consumption by 14.3%
  • The countries also upheld multi lateralism and expressed their willingness to nature-based solutions, innovation and technology
  • They appreciated Polish Presidency contribution to the Paris Agreement Work Program. They also appreciated Costa Rica for hosting the upcoming Pre-COP25
  • They underlined their commitment to NDCs
  • The reiterated that a balanced allocation of funds towards Green Climate Funds should be made by the developed countries for adaptation and mitigation

BASIC countries

The BASIC countries are the block of Brazil, India, China and South Africa formed based on an agreement in 2009. They committed to act jointly at the Copenhagen Climate Summit. The countries announced plans and targets accordingly. The grouping also agreed to provide technical aid to G77 countries.