International Current Affairs

Latest International Current Affairs 2019 with news summaries and current events in International developments, geopolitical, organizations, groupings and fora related updates for India and world with all important national news updates and events for the year 2019.

G20 Video Summit on Corona Virus

The Saudi Arabian King Salman is to chair the G20 summit on Corona Virus through a video conference. The Summit is to be held on March 26, 2020. The summit becomes significant as several international organizations are to participate in the summit.

India is a member of G20.

International Organizations

Several worldwide international organizations are to participate in the summit. It includes WHO (World Health Organization), FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization), WTO (World Trade Organization), IMF (International Monetary Fund), ASEAN (Association of South East Asian Nations), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Gulf Cooperation Council and NEPAD (New Partnership for Africa’s Development).

Significance

From India, PM Modi is to attend the summit. The leaders will strategize methodology to combat virus. The global growth for the year is negative according to IMF. The recession is to bring about the biggest financial crisis in history. G20 suggests “A Moment for Solidarity” in this situation. The finance ministers of G20 had already held a meeting under this theme virtually.

7.5 magnitude Earth Quake hits Russia; 0.3m high Tsunami Waves expected

On March 25, 2020, 7.5 magnitude earthquake hit northern Pacific. The quake was 37 miles deep and stuck the eastern Kuril Islands of Russia.

Highlights

The Pacific Tsunami Warning Centre has warned hazardous Tsunami waves n the coasts of the Kuril Islands. However, the waves are to be less than 30 centimetres in high.

Kuril Islands

The Kuril Islands are a volcanic Archipelago that separates Sea of Okhotsk from the Pacific Ocean. The islands are currently under Russian Administration. However, claims of Japan over 4 southern most islands of the Archipelago have led to the ongoing Kuril Islands Dispute.

The Islands are located at the tectonically instable region called the “Ring of Fire”.

Ring of Fire

The Ring of Fire is the areas of Pacific Ocean where several volcanic eruptions and earthquakes occur. There are more than 452 volcanos in the region. This accounts to 75% of world’s volcanos. Also, 91% of world earthquakes occur in the region.

The Ring of Fire has evolved due to the movement and collisions of lithospheric plates. The eastern section of the ring in the American coast is because of the subduction of Nazca plate beneath the Cocos Plate. In the Northern portion, the Pacific plates is getting subducted. Apart from these there are several smaller tectonic plates that are constantly moving. The energy released during the movement of these plates causes earthquakes and volcanos.