International Current Affairs - 2020

Latest International Current Affairs 2019 with news summaries and current events in International developments, geopolitical, organizations, groupings and fora related updates for India and world with all important national news updates and events for the year 2019.

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Africa Union Summit held at Addis Ababa

The African Union Summit was held in Addis Ababa, capital of Ethiopia to tackle terrorism in the continent. The Summit is important for India as India has recently signed the defence agreement, Lucknow Declaration with 50 African countries at DefExpo 2020. India is planning considerable investment in Defence sector in the regions of African Union.

Highlights

The African leaders met in Addis Ababa to discuss increasing terrorism in Africa. The leaders met in Addis Ababa under the theme

Theme: Silencing the Guns

This year the chair is being assumed by South Africa. The 2020 summit has adopted 8 resolutions as follows

  • Compromise with the United Nations over co-funding in peace operations
  • To support elections in Ethiopia and to mediate events of disputes
  • To deter leaders in Guinea to use Constitutional Amendments to hold on to power
  • To help to calm Burkina Faso’s insurgency
  • To push Somali Government towards regional compromise
  • To press East African heads to support South Sudan peace process
  • To support Sudan transition by supporting deal between civilian leaders and security forces.

2019 Major Crises

The Peace and Security Council of the Africa Union intervened with the Sudan’s Revolution and also helped to produce an agreement between Central African Republic and the rebels.

African Union

The creation of African Union was revived under the leadership of Libyan head Muammar Al-Gaddafi. The Union was established through Sirte Declaration.

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Sri Lankan Prime Minister visits India: Terrorism and Trade discussed

On February 8, 2020, the Sri Lankan Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa held high level talks with PM Modi during his five-day visit to India. The leaders held talks about terrorism, trade and economic projects in New Delhi

Highlights

The meet will enhance mutual economic trade and investment. The leaders also discussed improving tourism and connectivity. On the side lines of the meet, PM Modi announced that India will provide a grant of 400 million USD for developmental projects in Sri Lanka. The countries also have plans to expand the housing projects undertaken by India in the island to all parts of the country. India has also allocated 50 million USD to help the country deal with terrorism.

It is to be noted that in 2019, India granted a line of credit of 450 million USD to Sri Lanka.

India-Sri Lanka

The location of Sri Lanka in the Indian Ocean has been strategic geopolitical relevance to many major powers. The Chinese are building gigantic modern ports in the Indian Ocean. It includes Hambantota (Sri Lanka), Gwadar (Pakistan), Kyauk Phru (Myanmar) and Chittagong (Bangladesh).

Therefore, it is essential for India to maintain close ties with the island nation to resist the increase of foreign presence in the IOR.

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