International Current Affairs - 2019

Latest International Current Affairs 2019 with news summaries and current events in International developments, geopolitical, organizations, groupings and fora related updates for India and world with all important national news updates and events for the year 2019.

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International Day of Reflection on the 1994 Rwanda Genocide

International Day of Reflection on the 1994 Rwanda Genocide was observed on 7th April on 7th April in memory of the victims of the genocide in Rwanda.

1994 Rwanda Genocide

1994 Rwanda Genocide was the genocide against the Tutsi community directed by members of the Hutu majority government during the 100-day period from 7 April to 15 July 1994.

About 85% of Rwandans were Hutus and the Tutsi minority has long dominated the country. In 1959, the Hutus overthrew the Tutsi monarchy and tens of thousands of Tutsis fled to neighbouring countries, including Uganda.

A group of these Tutsi exiles formed a rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF). The RPF invaded Rwanda in 1990 and fighting continued until a 1993 peace deal was agreed.

On 6th April, a plane carrying then-President Juvenal Habyarimana, and his counterpart Cyprien Ntaryamira of Burundi both Hutus was shot down which killed everyone on board.

Hutu extremists blamed the RPF and immediately started a well-organised campaign of slaughter whereas the RPF said the plane had been shot down by Hutus to provide an excuse for the genocide.

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David Malpass appointed as President of World Bank

David Malpass who held a senior role at the US Treasury and was the undersecretary for international affairs has been appointed as the President of World Bank. He was nominated by the US president Donald Trump. David Malpass had also held senior roles in the US Treasury during the Reagan and George HW Bush administrations.

David Malpass has also served as chief economist at Bear Stearns bank. Later he founded research group Encima Global and held a number of directorships at finance firms.

Appointment of the President of World Bank

As per the guidelines of the World Bank, the World Bank president must have:

  • A proven track record of leadership.
  • Experience managing large organizations with international exposure, and a familiarity with the public sector.
  • Ability to articulate a clear vision of the Bank’s development mission.
  • A firm commitment to and appreciation for multilateral cooperation.
  • Effective and diplomatic communication skills, impartiality, and objectivity.

Executive directors of the World Bank can nominate candidates for the post and the candidate must be citizens of one of the bank’s member countries and cannot be a bank governor, executive director or alternate.

If there are more than three candidates, there would be a shortlisting process to narrow the field through an informal straw poll. Then the shortlisted candidates will be interviewed by the board. The board will then make a final selection through a majority vote.

To win the presidency of the World Bank, a candidate must win approval from the institution’s executive board, which has 25 members. The US holds a 16% share of board voting power hence more often it is the US-backed candidate gets elected for the post of the president.

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