Persons in News 2018

Cyril Ramaphosa sworn in as new President of South Africa

Cyril Ramaphosa, head of ruling African National Congress (ANC) has sworn in as new President of South Africa. He was elected as new president by the ruling party politicians dominating 400-member parliament after the resignation of scam-tainted Jacob Zuma. He will have remaining one year term of his predecessor. Prior to this, he was deputy President since 2014.

Cyril Ramaphosa

He was born in Soweto, Johannesburg, in 1952. He was detained in 1974 and 1976 for anti-apartheid activities.

He had launched the National Union of Mineworkers, largest workers union in South Africa in 1982. He was Chairman of the National Reception Committee which prepared for Nelson Mandela’s release from prison in 1990

In 1994, he became MP and chairman of constitutional assembly. He had moved full-time into business in 1997, becoming one of South Africa’s richest businessmen. He was on Lonmin board during 2012 Marikana massacre. He was elected ANC leader in 2017.

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Abhilasha Kumari sworn in as first women Chief Justice of Manipur HC

Abhilasha Kumari was sworn in as the Chief Justice of the Manipur High Court. She was administered oath of office by Governor Najma Heptulla at the Raj Bhavan. With this, she became first women and third full-time Chief Justice of Manipur High Court.

Abhilasha Kumari

She was earlier the Chief Justice of Gujarat High Court.  She is the daughter of the former Himachal Pradesh Chief Minister Virbhadra Singh. She is alumnus of Delhi University and had obtained law degree from Himachal Pradesh University.

She had enrolled as an advocate in 1984 and practised in Himachal Pradesh High Court in cases concerning civil, criminal, consumer affairs, industrial insurance and company affairs. She was designated as additional advocate general for Himachal Pradesh before being elevated as Gujarat High Court judge in December 2005.

Manipur High Court

The seat of the Manipur High Court is at Imphal, the capital of Manipur. It was established in March 2013 after making suitable amendments in the Constitution of India and North-Eastern Areas (Re-organisation) Act, 1971.  The first Chief Justice is Justice Abhay Manohar Sapre. Prior to its establishment, a bench of Gauhati High Court had jurisdiction over the state of Manipur.

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