Persons in News 2018
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Prime Minister Narendra Modi has unveiled a 64-foot-tall statue of peasant leader Sir Chhotu Ram at his native village Sampla in Rohtak district of Haryana. The statue has been sculpted by renowned sculptor and Padma Bhushan-recipient Ram Vanji Sutar. Around 5,500 farmers from Haryana had donated iron metal, ranging from from half-a-kg to two kgs for construction of the statue.
Sir Chhotu Ram
Born on November 24, 1881 as Ram Richpal in Garhi-Sampla, Rohtak in then Punjab, British India (now in Haryana) and died on 9 January 1945 (aged 63) in Lahore, then Punjab, British India (now in Pakistan). He is regarded as messiah of peasants and was instrumental in empowering farmers in pre-Independence era and getting pro-farmers law enacted. He had fought for farmers’ rights during the British rule.
He was ideologue of peasants of pre-Independent India and championed interest and cause of oppressed peasants of Indian Sub-continent. For this feat, he was knighted (given title of Sir) in 1937. On political front, he was co-founder of National Unionist Party ((Zamindara League)) which ruled United Panjab Province in pre Independent India and kept Congress and Muslim League away from power. He was popularly known as Deen Bandhu (in Urdu as Rahbare Azam, which translates as messiah of poor).
Pankaj Sharma has been appointed as ambassador and India’s permanent representative to United Nations Conference on Disarmament in Geneva, an official statement said. He will replace Amandeep Gill. Sharma is currently joint secretary (Disarmament and International Security Division) in Ministry of External Affairs (MEA).
UN Conference on Disarmament
UN Conference on Disarmament (CD) is not formally United Nations (UN) organization. It is linked to UN through personal representative of UN Secretary-General. It is multilateral forum established in 1979 by international community to negotiate multilateral arms control and disarmament agreements. It is headquartered in Palais des Nations, Geneva, Switzerland.
The conference has 65 members represent all areas of the world, including all known nuclear-weapon states (including India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea) Resolutions adopted by UN General Assembly often request conference to consider specific disarmament matters. In turn, conference annually reports its activities to UNGA.
In the 1990s, the Conference had held intensive efforts to draft CTBT text and its two annexes, but it did not succeed in reaching consensus on the adoption of the text. Currently UNCD conducts discussion on Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty (FMCT), a pact to prevent an arms race in outer space, nuclear disarmament and negative security assurances (NSA).