Reports & Indices

This category comprises Current Affairs 2019-2020 related to various reports and indexes / indices by National and International Bodies and organizations such as World, Bank, World Economic Forum, NITI Aayog and various other educational and research organizations. We also place report highlights of various committees and commissions in this category.

Tiger population in India increased 6% per annum: Tigers Report 2018

As per the Tigers Report 2018, an increasing rate of 6% per annum of Tiger population in India from the year 2006 to 2018 was observed.

Key Highlights

The Tigers Report 2018 was released by Prakash Javadekar (Union Minister for Environment, Forests and Climate Change) and Babul Supriyo (Minister of State for Environment, Forest and Climate Change), a day before the Global Tiger Day (29th July). It was noticed that the population of tigers was increasing at a rate of 6% per annum in India from the year 2006 to 2018. A book titled “Tigers, Co-predators, and Prey in India ” and a map titled “Securing india’s small cats” were released.

Background

Project Tiger Project Tiger was started in 1973. From that time the total number of Tiger Reserves in India have increased from 9 to 50. 70% of the total tigers of the world are in India. Mr. Javadekar expressed India’s intention to assist the other 13 countries in the matter of conservation, capacity building and training in tiger conservation. The ministry also decided to launch a water and fodder scheme within the reserves to reduce the animal-human conflict.

Uniqueness of the 4th edition report

The report of the 4th edition of All India Tiger Estimation has an abundance index of co-predators and other species, Sex ratio of tigers in the camera trap sites has been calculated for the first time, Anthropogenic effects big cats have been elucidated with details, Tiger abundance within pockets in tiger reserves has been depicted for the first time.

United Nations Report: Significant Increase in ISIS Terrorists in Kerala and Karnataka

The United Nations report recently warned that there is significant increase in ISIS terrorists in Kerala and Karnataka. The report was titled “Report of the Analytical Support and Sanctions Monitoring Team concerning ISIS

Highlights

The report says that Al-Qaida, that has 150-200 militants from India, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Myanmar is planning to attack Indian Subcontinent. The Al-Qaida in the Indian Subcontinent (AQIS) operates under Taliban. It is mainly rooted in the Nimruz, Kandahar and Helmand provinces of Afghanistan.

About IS

The Islamic State is also known as ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria) or Daesh. It is Sunni Jihadist group that seized large swathes of territory in eastern Syria since 2014. In 2019, the group claimed to have established a new province in India called the IS Indian affiliate (Hind Wilayah).

The countries where the local groups have pledged allegiance with IS include Niger, Algeria, Cameroon, Chad, Nigeria, Yemen, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Indonesia and Bangladesh. The countries where IS holds territory include Libya, Iraq and Syria.

Counter Measures by India

India has taken several measures to counter terrorism in the Indian Sub-continent, especially after the abrogation of Article 370. Operation Pigeon was launched in Kerala. The operation saved 350 youths from ISIS. The National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID) has been proposed and also National Investigation Agency is deployed extensively to counter terrorism.