Reports & Indices Current Affairs - 2020

This category comprises Current Affairs 2019-2020 related to various reports and indexes / indices by National and International Bodies and organizations such as World, Bank, World Economic Forum, NITI Aayog and various other educational and research organizations. We also place report highlights of various committees and commissions in this category.

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Henley Passport Index launched

Recently, Henley Passport Index was launched. The index was launched based on the data collected from International Air Transport Association (IATA). Around 199 different passports and 227 different travel destinations were considered to launch the index.

The Index is based on the number of destinations their holders can access without visa.

Highlights

According to the index, Japan has the world’s strongest passport. Japan has been holding top rank position for the past 3 years. According to 2020 index, the citizens can access 191 destinations without the necessity of obtaining visa in advance.

Japan was followed by Singapore, Germany, South Korea at second, third and fourth places respectively. US and UK have been falling places for two year are now in eighth position.

India ranked closer to the bottom at rank 84.

History of performances

UAE was the historic performer of Henley Passport Index 2020. UAE has jumped 47 places in the past 10 years. It is currently at 47th position.

India was in Rank 71 as the index was released in 2006. Today Indian citizens can access only 60 destinations in the world without obtaining prior Visa.

Visa Free Destinations

There are 58 destinations in the world that does not require prior Visa. 20 of the 58 are in Africa, 11 in Asia.

There is no developed country or a major power in the world where Indians can travel without Visa. Serbia is the only European country where Indians are allowed to travel without visa.

What is Passport Index?

Passport index is an online tool that provides insights about visa-free travel option. The score also says how welcoming the countries are. The Passport index includes Visa-Frees score, World Openness score, Welcoming score and Global Mobility score. When these scores are high, passport index is also high and such a passport is said to be highly powerful.

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WEF: Global Risks Report, 2020

On January 15, 2020, the World Economic Forum released its Global Risks Report. Under the report, the Forum has identified the global risks.

Top Risks

The top 5 Global risks according to the report are as follows

  • The Forum reported that Climate-related risks had the greatest likelihood of severe impacts.
  • The other threats include geopolitical turbulence. The retreat from multilateralism has threatened the ability of the world to deal the global risks.
  • The current economic stagflation according to the report will increase. This might even lead to increased social issues, protests, increased populists movements.
  • Though the Digital Technology is in its peak of evolution, the unequal access of the technology across the globe will increase.
  • The social demographic, environmental and technological pressure on health systems is growing.

Top Highlights of the Report

The Report has listed 5 top risks in the terms of Likelihood and in terms of Impact. The global risks in terms of likelihood includes extreme weather, climate action failure, natural disasters, biodiversity losses and human-made environmental disasters. For the first time in the history of the report, all the five risks of likelihood is climate-related.

The Global Risks in terms of impacts include climate action failure, weapons of mass destruction, biodiversity losses, extreme weather and water crisis.

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