Reports & Indices

This category comprises Current Affairs 2019-2020 related to various reports and indexes / indices by National and International Bodies and organizations such as World, Bank, World Economic Forum, NITI Aayog and various other educational and research organizations. We also place report highlights of various committees and commissions in this category.

Strategy for New India @ 75: Health Sector

The government think tank Niti Ayog has unveiled the Strategy for New India @ 75 which define clear objectives for 2022-23. The strategy document with 41 chapters has been disaggregated under four sections, which are: Drivers, Infrastructure, Inclusion and Governance. The document makes the recommendations related to the health sector under the Drivers section.

Strategy for New India @ 75: Health Sector Recommendations

The document makes important recommendations to improve the health sector scenario in the country. The major recommendations are:

  • Enactment of the National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill, 2017 since the regulatory bodies, the Medical Council of India and the Nursing Council of India have failed to ensure adequate availability and quality of health
  • Revamping of the regulatory system of nursing education to ensure quality training in nursing schools, developing centres of excellence in nursing and enhancing the stature of government nurses.
  • Creating conditions to facilitate import of doctors, especially those of Indian origin working abroad, deploying teachers from universities abroad as visiting professors at AIIMS or NIEs and linking at least 40 per cent of district hospitals with medical colleges to address the shortage of doctors in the country.
  • Developing framework for the deployment of doctors and specialists from the private sector to government hospitals on a visiting or honorary basis and expanding the system of Diplomate of National Board (DNB) and Diplomas from College of Physicians and Surgeons (CPS) to address the shortage of doctors.
  • Establishment of a Council to ensure standardization of education and putting in place quality control mechanisms for educational institutions, teaching methods and workforce management of allied health professionals.
  • The Niti Ayog also suggests putting in place an updated curriculum for medical and allied professions that keep pace with the changing dynamics of public health, policy and demographics.
  • Creating a cadre of primary healthcare practitioners by introducing a three-year competency-based dynamic course for primary, community and family medicine and partner with private hospitals or private medical practitioners to skill technicians, nursing and para-nursing as well as para-medical staff to deal with the paucity of health professionals.

Acute Shortage of Doctors in India

As per the reports, about 10.23 lakh allopathic doctors registered with the MCI or state medical councils. Niti Ayog estimates that around 8.18 lakh doctors may actually be available for active service assuming 80% availability. This puts the doctor-population ratio of India at 1:1613 against the WHO norm of 1:1000. The other big concern is the disparity between states and those between urban and rural areas.

NITI Aayog releases Sustainable Development Goals Index

The NITI Aayog has released a first-of-its-kind Sustainable Development Goals index released on 21st December 2018. According to the SDG Index, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu have been ranked on top 3 positions and are on track to achieve the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).

The recently released Sustainable Development Goals Index aims to promote healthy competition among States by evaluating their progress in social, economic and environmental terms that will help India in achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) by 2030. Based on the performance of the States and UTs across 13 of the 17 identified SDGs, a score ranging between 0 and 100 has been assigned to each of them in the index. The index considered only 13 out of 17 goals because of non-availability of data at the state level. The average Indian score in the SDG index is 57 and varies between 42 and 69 for the States and between 57 and 68 for UTs.

Key Points of the SDG Index:

Kerala and Himachal Pradesh have been called as the front-runners in the Index with a score of 69. Chandigarh has been declared as the front runner in the Index with a score of 68 among the UTS. The state of Tamil Nadu (score 66) is at the top to meet the goals of eradicating poverty and providing clean and affordable energy. Assam, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh are at the bottom of the rankings in the NITI Aayog’s Sustainable Development Goals Index .

Goa, Kerala, Manipur, Mizoram and Nagaland were the front runners on the ‘Zero’ hunger sub-index. The states performed badly in the SDG Index in regards to the goals of gender equality (36), in enabling industry, innovation, and infrastructure (44), and in eradicating hunger (48) and in creating sustainable cities and communities (39).