Reports & Indices Current Affairs - 2020
This category comprises Current Affairs 2019-2020 related to various reports and indexes / indices by National and International Bodies and organizations such as World, Bank, World Economic Forum, NITI Aayog and various other educational and research organizations. We also place report highlights of various committees and commissions in this category.
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On February 20, 2020, WHO, Lancet and UNICEF together released a report titled “A Future for the World’s Children”. According to the report, a new Global index has been included in comparing performance of child nutrition, education and sustainability.
According to the report, India ranked 131 in flourishing index and 77 on sustainability index.
The report says that India has improved in health and sanitation. However, it has to increase its spending on Health. Around 180 countries were compared in the report. The parameters of comparison included child survival, child wellbeing, health and education, sustainability, child nutrition.
Key Findings of the report
Because of stunting and poverty, around 250 million children in low- and middle-income countries are at risk of not reaching their developmental potential.
Best and Least Performers
The children in countries such as Republic of Korea and Netherlands have best chances of survival. On the other hand, Chad, Niger, Somalia and Mali were the least performers and face very bad odds.
The report has named USA, Saudi Arabia and Australia as the top 10 highest emitters. Norway, Netherlands and Republic of Korea emit 210% more than the target set by them towards the per capita target of 2030.
According to the report, the poorest countries have to do more to support their children health and ability. They have to spend lots towards their children health in order to provide them healthy lives. This disproportionately is affected by the carbon emissions from rich countries. The issue overall is threatening lives of all children.
The current scenario is capable of crating devastating health consequences such as malaria, malnutrition and Dengue. Along with this the threats from heat waves and rising ocean levels are also high.
Tags: Children Health • CO2 emission • Dengue • Heatwaves • Malaria
On February 18, 2020, the Times Higher Education Ranking was released in London. The ranking was titled “The Emerging Economies University Ranking 2020”.
Around 11 Indian Universities were included in the top 100. However, China had more Universities than India in the ranking. Around 30 Universities of China were in the top 100.
The Indian Institute of Science was ranked 16th among the top 100 Universities of emerging Economies. The ranking included 533 Universities from 47 countries all over the world. Out of these, 56 Indian Universities appeared in the ranking.
Institute of Eminence
The Scheme was launched by GoI in 2017. One of the participating institutes of the scheme Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham entered the top 100 for the first time. It had moved 51 places from its ranking of 141 in 2019.
The Institute of Eminence scheme provides funding from the GoI. They possess greater autonomy.
The IIT Kharagpur moved up 23 places to 32nd rank, IIT Delhi improved by 28 places and was at 38th rank and IIT Madras was at 63rd rank climbing 12 places.
Tags: Amrita University • IISC • IIT Delhi • IIT Madras • Institutes of Eminence