Reports & Indices

This category comprises Current Affairs 2019-2020 related to various reports and indexes / indices by National and International Bodies and organizations such as World, Bank, World Economic Forum, NITI Aayog and various other educational and research organizations. We also place report highlights of various committees and commissions in this category.

“Lost At Home”: A Report released by UNICEF

On May 5, 2020, the UNICEF released its report called “Lost at Home”. The report enforces the risks and challenges of internally displaced children and the need to protect them.

Key Findings of the report

According to the report, at the end of 2019, around 46 million people were internally displaced due to conflict and violence. Among them, every four out of 10 were children, which is 19 million children.

Due to conflicts the number of people displaced has increased from 25 million a decade ago to 40 million in the last 5 years. In the end of 2019, among the 46 million living in displacement due to violence, 42% were children.

Region Wise

The highest number of children that were displaced were in Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Around 12 million children were displaced in 2019 alone in MENA due to violence. The regions where the displacement of children were high includes west and central Africa, eastern and southern Africa, Latin America and Caribbean, Eastern Europe and Central Asia, South Asia, East Asia and Pacific and Western Europe.

Three Major Countries

The three major countries that accounted to more than half of persons displaced due to conflict and violence are Syrian Arab Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo and Yemen.

Displacements due to Natural Disasters

In 2019, around 25 million were displaced due to natural disasters. The natural disaster led disasters were high in India, China, Bangladesh, Philippines. These countries accounted to 65% of global natural disaster-based displacement.

India

In India, according to the report, the displacements were mainly due to disasters. Around 5 million were displaced in India in 2019 due to natural disasters. This mainly includes floods and storms.

CMIE: Unemployment rate climbs to 27.1%

On May 5, 2020, the Centre for Monitoring of Indian Economy released unemployment data. According to the data, 121.5 million are without works.

Highlights

The data says that 91,3 million daily wage labourers were out of their jobs due to COVID-19 crisis. Also, 18.2 million entrepreneurs are without work as there are lack of labourers. Around 17.8 million salaried workers are also affected due to COVID-19.

Key findings

The report generated by CMIE had the following findings

  • The ongoing lock down, considered the biggest in world history has generated jobless rate of 27.1%.
  • Both the urban and rural unemployment rates increased. The rural unemployment increased from 20.88% to 26.16%. In order to help the rural population, GoI is strengthening MNREGA. The wages of MNREGA has been increased under Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann yojana. Also, several states like Jharkhand are launching schemes to further boost such measures.

Farming Sector

Among all the activities, farming was performing good as it was exempted from lock down. Around 5.8 million farmers returned to work after April 20, 2020. Also, the Food Corporation of India (FCI) and the National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India (NAFED) were engaged in their fullest to procure the rabi crops. This included rice, wheat, pulses and cotton.