Reports & Indices Current Affairs - 2019

This category comprises Current Affairs 2019-2020 related to various reports and indexes / indices by National and International Bodies and organizations such as World, Bank, World Economic Forum, NITI Aayog and various other educational and research organizations. We also place report highlights of various committees and commissions in this category.

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State of the Education Report for India 2019 launched

The State of the Education Report for India 2019: Children with Disabilities, was recently launched at an event organized by UNESCO in New Delhi. The event was attended by more than 200 representatives from government, civil society, academia, partners and youth.

To be published annually, the 2019 edition of report is 1st of its kind published by UNESCO New Delhi. It highlights accomplishments and challenges with regards to Right to Education (RTE) of children with disabilities (CWDs).

Key findings of Report

Based on extensive research of national and international documents of reference, the report provides comprehensive and detailed information on present state of education of CWDs and submits 10 key suggestions to policy makers.

Bodies involved: It is Prepared by Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) and commissioned by UNESCO.

Citing 2011 census data, report showed that there are more than 78 lakh CWDs in India between age group of 5-19 years. 27% of these CWDs between (ages 5 to 19) have never attended any educational institution.

Nearly 75% of 5 year olds who have certain disabilties, do not go to any educational institution.

In schools there are fewer girls with disabilities than boys.

The proportion of CWDs who are out of school is higher than overall proportion of out-of-school children at national level.

Home-based education: In many parts of rural India, if a parent opts for home-based education, the child may not be getting an education at all as it often exists only on paper for CWDs.

Challenges: Inadequate allocations, delays in releasing funds and under-utilisation of allocation remain key challenges in financing education for CWDs.

Differences noted among various types of disabilities

Only 20% of children with impairments related to Visual and Hearing had never been in school. However, among children with multiple disabilities or mental illness, that figure rose to more than 50%.

Recommendations:

Amend the Right to Education (RTE) Act, 2009 to make it align with the Right of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016.

Data: There is a need to strengthen data on children with disabilities which can help in effective planning, implementation and monitoring of their education.

Campaign: There should be concentrated campaigns and large scale awareness which can improve the attitude towards children with disabilities in the classroom and beyond.

Mechanism under Union Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) is needed to coordinate all education programmes for children with disabilities across departments. This would help remove inconsistencies and achieve synergy in the various measures aimed at their education.

About United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

It seeks to build peace through international cooperation in Education, Sciences and Culture.

UNESCO’s programmes contribute towards achievement of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) defined in Agenda 2030, adopted by UN General Assembly (UNGA) in 2015.

It fosters scientific programmes and policies as platforms for development and cooperation.

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Working on a Warmer Planet: ILO Report

According to a recent report by International Labour Organization (ILO) titled- Working on a Warmer Planet – The Impact of Heat Stress on Labour Productivity and Decent Work, India will be the most affected country due to global warming. The major impact would be on agriculture and construction sectors of the country.

Key Highlights of Report

India will be the most affected country primarily because of its large population. Also, the costs may be higher without mitigating climate change.

Working Hours: It projects that India would lose 5.8% of working hours in 2030 due to global warming. The loss of working hours will be due to temperature being too hot to work or because workers work at a slower pace.

Productivity: In an absolute term India is expected to lose equivalent of 34 million full-time jobs in 2030 in productivity due to global warming.

Although most of global warming impact in India will be felt in agricultural sector but, increasing working hours are expected to be lost in construction sector, where heat stress affects both male and female workers.

Heat stress: is defined as generally above 35 degrees Celsius (or 95 Fahrenheit), in places with high humidity.

Based on: These projections by ILO are based on a global temperature rise of 1.5 degree Celsius by end of 21st century and labour force trends.

ILO report also noted that Ahmedabad (in Gujarat) incorporated a cool roofs initiative into its 2017 Heat Action Plan. Under it notably provided access to affordable cool roofs for city’s slum residents and for urban poor.

About ILO

It was founded on 29 October 1919 with Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland

It was United Nations first specialised agency.

Mandate: to advance social justice as well as promote decent work by setting internationally accepted labour standards.

Members: 187 member states: 186 of the 193 UN member states plus the Cook Islands are members of the ILO.

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