Reports & Indices

This category comprises Current Affairs 2019-2020 related to various reports and indexes / indices by National and International Bodies and organizations such as World, Bank, World Economic Forum, NITI Aayog and various other educational and research organizations. We also place report highlights of various committees and commissions in this category.

Facts Box: ILO’s Labour Report, 2020

The International Labour Organization released its “The World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends 2020” (WESO) report. The report stated that the global unemployment has been stable for the last nine years. However, slowing economic growth means that for the increasing labour force, no new jobs are created.

Highlights: World

The report has projected that the unemployment is to increase around 2.5 million in 2020. Currently there are 188 million people unemployed in the world. This means one in five of the workers worldwide are living in poverty.

The report also says that around 165 million people in the world do not have enough paid work and 120 million lack access to labour market. In all, more than 470 million are affected due to unemployment problems.

Highlights: India

According to the report, the growth in countries of India and china in the past 13 years has caused the global labour inequality to reduce. However, the labour income distribution within these countries has not changed. The Gender gap in wages of the labours is more in South Asian countries such as India, Pakistan and Bangladesh as compared to the rest of the world. While it stands at 15% in developed nations, in these countries the gender gap of wages is 40%.

Democracy Index released: India ranks 51; Slips 10 positions

On January 22, 2020, the Economic Intelligence Unit released Democracy Index for the year 2019. The index was topped by Norway. Norway was followed by Iceland and Sweden at second and third positions respectively. India was pushed to 51st rank slipping 10 positions as compared to its previous ranking

Highlights

According to the report, the slippage of India’s ranking was mainly due to the protests of Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA), National Register of Citizens (NRC) and abrogation of special status to Jammu and Kashmir.

Report on Kashmir

With respect to the Kashmir issue of Abrogation of Article 370, the report says that certain acts of government over the issue led to the decline in the country’s ranking. It includes deployment of large troops in Jammu and Kashmir region, restricting internet access and also placing local leaders under house arrest.

Report on NRC

The report said that the citizenship registration exercise excluded 1.9 million people from the final list. Also, the majority of the population excluded were Muslims. This has enraged large Muslim population and has stoked protests in various parts of the country.

History of India’s Index

The democratic indices are awarded over a score of 10. Since the launch of the Index in 2006, India has obtained the lowest score of 6.9 this time in 2019. In 2018, India obtained 7.23. India’s highest score was 7.91 in 2014 and has declined since then. However, India’s scores have always remained above global average. This year, the global average was 5.44.