Reports & Indices Current Affairs - 2020
This category comprises Current Affairs 2019-2020 related to various reports and indexes / indices by National and International Bodies and organizations such as World, Bank, World Economic Forum, NITI Aayog and various other educational and research organizations. We also place report highlights of various committees and commissions in this category.
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While the world marked World Cancer Day on February 4, 2020, the World Health Organization released its report on Cancer.
According to the report, the cancer cases will increase by 81% by 2040. This is mainly due to lack of investment. The report says that it is essential to invest 25 billion USD in the next decade to save millions of lives.
The treatment for cancer in developed countries has brought down the mortality rate due to cancer by 20%. However, in poorer countries the reduction was merely 5%.
The report also says that 25% of cancer deaths were due to tobacco consumption.
Tobacco in India
According to WHO, there are 120 million smokers in India. This is 12% of world smoker. The number of tobacco smokers in India grew by 36% between 1998 and 2015.
National Tobacco Control Programme
The Programme is currently being implemented in 612 districts. It aims at bringing awareness about tobacco control laws and harmful effects of tobacco usage.
Tags: Cancer • Cancer Treatment • Tobacco • Tobacco Consumption • Tobacco Industry
On January 31, 2020, at the World Sustainable Development Summit released its report on India’s Steel Demand. According to the report, if the steel demand of the country continues to grow, the carbon-dioxide emissions from the steel sector will reach 600 million tonnes by 2050.
The TERI released its report titled, “Towards a Low Carbon Steel Sector: Overview of the Changing Market, Technology and Policy Context for Indian Steel”. According to the report, the current carbon-dioxide emissions from steel sector is 242 Million Tonnes. This is 35% of total carbon dioxide emissions of the country. It is to quadruple in three to four decades.
Suggestions made by the report
In order to manage the increase in steel demand emissions, India should start increasing the use of domestic scrap and deploy energy efficiency measures. The report also recommends establishing low carbon technologies. It also expects that the decarbonization technologies that are in the demonstration stage will reach commercial markers in next 20 years.
TERI also suggests penalty for emissions starting from 2030. This will force industries to adopt deeper decarbonization technologies.
Tags: carbon dioxide emissions • Energy • Energy Sector • Global Warming • Industrialization