Reports & Indices
This category comprises Current Affairs 2019-2020 related to various reports and indexes / indices by National and International Bodies and organizations such as World, Bank, World Economic Forum, NITI Aayog and various other educational and research organizations. We also place report highlights of various committees and commissions in this category.
According to Indian Staffing Federation’s (ISF) Tech Employment Projections, the Indian tech industry will add another three million new jobs in next 5 years.
- With the addition of 3 million new jobs in next 5 years, the size of country’s tech army will reach seven million by 2023.
- Job Areas: All these new technical jobs would come up in digital technology areas such as Machine Learning (ML), Artificial Intelligence (AI), Data Science, Internet of things (IOT), Analytics, Big Data, Blockchain and Augmented Reality (AR).
- These newer technology areas which at presently are relatively unknown, are expected to emerge and evolve in the next few years.
- Significance: The data shows visible behavioral change happening in global IT and ITes sectors. These employment projections give big relief to millions of software engineering students and young techies, amid talks about jobless growth with automation that may replace humans with robots.
- Data Collected: Data for projections are gathered from interaction with companies, such as Indian tech firms, global capability centres of hundreds of international firms, MNCs, enterprises like e-com, BFSI, pharma and telecom etc
- It shows that due to technology innovation activities in India, the new and existing Global In-House Centres (GCCs) have increased hiring. Also, other than 1,300 global in-house centres (earlier called captive units) presently working in India, about 400 new are coming up in 2019.
- It emphasises that India does not have a job problem rather an employed poverty problem.
- Suggestions: The only sustainable way to address job problem is by industrialisation, formalisation, urbanisation and financialisation of India’s human capital.
About Global In-House Centres (GCCs)
- GCCs were called Captive Centers in early 1990s.
- These are offshore centers (business unit) of a company that performs designated functions for large organizations. Although it is an entity on its own but at the same time retains work and close operational tie ups within the parent company.
About India Staffing Federation (ISF)
- It is a global Multinational organization (MNC) based in United States. It is also the apex body for ‘flexi’ working industry.
- It acts as an organizing union mainly for ethnic Indians in fields of job recruitment, and also performs outsourcing functions for businesses like employment background screening.
Tags: Analytics • Artificial Intelligence (AI) • Big Data • Blockchain and Augmented Reality (AR) • Captive Centers
The Fifth United Nations (UN) Global Road Safety Week is being held from 6 May to 12 May 2019. The theme for weekly event in 2019 is “Leadership for road safety”.
About 5th UN Global Road Safety Week 2019
- The UN Global Road Safety Weeks and its’ campaigns are coordinated by United Nations Road Safety Collaboration, chaired by World Health Organization (WHO).
- During the on-going global road safety week WHO released “Global Status Report on Road Safety”.
- As it is acknowledged that with a stronger leadership for road safety Global Goals could be achieved, so it launched action through ongoing campaign “Save Lives – #SpeakUp”.
About “Save Lives – #SpeakUp” campaign
- It operates on principles of ‘Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020’. The Decade of Action seeks to prevent road traffic injuries and deaths which are projected to take lives of about 1.9 million people annually by 2020.
- It provides an opportunity for civil society to demand a strong leadership for road safety, particularly around evidence-based interventions that will save lives.
- It also inspires leaders to take action by displaying strong leadership for road safety within governments, private companies, NGOs, international agencies, schools and universities.
Key Findings of Global Status Report on Road Safety: WHO
- All over the world Road accidents are leading cause of death among people in between 5years- 29years of age.
- Every year more than 1.35 million lives are lost and 50 million gets injured in road accidents.
- India’s Performance: Since 2008, India has maintained questionable distinction of being world number one in road crash deaths. In 2015, India became a signatory to Brasilia Declaration on Road Safety, where it committed to reduce 50% of its road crash deaths by 2020. But even after 2015, full scale of problem in India is still unacknowledged.
- As per Indian government data on road accidents, road crashes kill about 1,50,000 people each year. Although WHO report argues that numbers are understated and that India might be losing more than 2,99,000 people each year.