Reports & Indices

This category comprises Current Affairs 2019-2020 related to various reports and indexes / indices by National and International Bodies and organizations such as World, Bank, World Economic Forum, NITI Aayog and various other educational and research organizations. We also place report highlights of various committees and commissions in this category.

SDG Gender Index: India ranked 95

In first-ever SDG Gender Index which measures progress made in achieving gender commitments against internationally set targets, India was ranked 95th out of a total 129 countries. The Index is developed by Equal Measures 2030, a partnership effort of regional and global organisations.

About Index

  • Indicators: It includes 51 indicators across 14 of 17 official Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).
  • These indicators are those that are gender specific and those that are not but have an effect on girls and women like poverty, health, education, political representation and equality at the workplace.
  • Methodology: The overall scores of this Index are based on scale of 0–100. Score of 100 indicates achievement of gender equality in relation to underlying indicators while score of 50 indicate that a country is about halfway to meeting its goal.

Key Findings

  • The global average score of 65.7 out of 100 (means “poor”) shows that till date no country has fully achieved commitment about gender equality.
  • This shows that almost 40%, of world’s girls and women (around 1.4 billion) live in countries failing on gender equality and another 1.4 billion live in countries that barely pass the benchmark.
  • Top 10 countries: Denmark (1), Finland (2), Sweden (3), Norway (4), Netherlands (5), Slovenia (6), Germany (7), Canada (8), Ireland (9), and Australia (10).
  • Bottom 10 countries: Sierra Leone, Liberia, Nigeria, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Yemen, Congo, DR Congo and Chad.
  • India’s Performance: India’s overall score was 56.2 which means that it is among 43 countries that fall in the ‘very poor’ category.
  • India scores were highest in health (79.9), hunger (76.2) and energy (71.8). It performed poorly in partnerships (18.3), industry, infrastructure and innovation (38.1) and climate (43.4).

About Equal Measures 2030

It is partnership among regional and global organizations from civil society and development and private sectors. It includes Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, African Women’s Development and Communication Network, International Women’s Health Coalition and Plan International.

Climate change affecting Global Food Production: Study

According to research conducted by scientists from Oxford University in United Kingdom (UK) and University of Copenhagen in Denmark, climate change is adversely affecting production of key crops such as wheat and rice, with some countries faring far worse than others. Their research was published in journal PLOS ONE.

Key Findings

  • Scientist used weather data and reported crop data to evaluate the potential impact of observed climate change.
  • Crop Yields: Climate change causes a significant yield variation in world’s top 10 crops. The study projects that yields of world’s top 10 crops (viz. rice, barley, wheat, maize, cassava, oil palm, rapeseed, soybean, sugarcane and sorghum) which supply combined 83% of all calories produced on cropland will decrease in future due to climate conditions.
  • The yield variation ranges from 13.4% decrease for oil palm to 3.5% increase for soybean, which will result in an average reduction of about 1% of consumable food calories from these top 10 crops.
  • Climate change impact on global food production will be variable such as mostly negative in Australia, Europe and Southern Africa, and generally positive in Latin America, and mixed result in Asia and Northern and Central America.
  • About 50% of all food-insecure countries and some affluent industrialised countries in Western Europe are experiencing decreases in crop.
  • Contrast result was found in some areas of the upper Midwest US where climate change has increased the yields of certain crops.
  • Significance: The report holds implications for major food companies, commodity traders and as well as for countries in which they operate and for citizens worldwide.