Science & Technology Current Affairs - 2020

Science & Technology Current Affairs 2019-2020 category comprises current affairs with all important national / international updates in science and tech and events for the year 2019-2020 for UPSC, States, Civil services, SSC and other competitive examinations of India and States.

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

IIT to set up Data Science Centre at Kanjikode campus

The Indian Institute of Technology, Palakkad is to set uo a research centre in data science. The centre being set up at Kanjikode aims at providing a platform of research for artificial intelligence and Data Science

Highlights

The centre has been named as the Centre for Research and Education in Data Science. The Centre will collaborate with the Government, industries and other academic institutes

Data Science

It is the field that uses scientific algorithms, processes and methods to extract knowledge from unstructured and structured data.

The development of data science is highly important for Data Localization

What is Data Localization?

It refers to the rules, laws and regulations that speaks on the collection of data on a Nation’s citizens. It also includes processing and storing such data.

Indian Laws on Data Localisation

Currently in India the only mandate on Data Localization is that provided by Reserve Bank of India, that too only for Payment systems. However, there are several draft bills and reports on Data Localization.

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Cabinet approves to set up a 12-member Technology Group

On February 19, 2020, the Union Cabinet approved to set a technology group. The 12-member group will provide scientific advice on mapping of technologies, commercialization of dual use technologies and develop a road map on selected key technologies.

The group will provide three major pillars of support namely Policy support, research and development proposals and procurement support.

Functions of the group

The group will help the GoI in achieving the following

  • To render advice on technology procurement strategy
  • To develop in-house expertise in developing merging technologies
  • To make sure the public sector technologies developed are sustainable.

Why was the group constituted?

The Group has been constituted as the GoI faced the following challenges

  • There was no mapping of technologies and their uses spread across the country
  • The Researches were not aligned to technology development
  • The dual use of technologies was not commercialized
  • The standards of technologies were not fixed. This led to sub-optimal industrial development
  • Silo-centric approaches to the development of technologies are being adopted

The Group will help in addressing these issues.

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