Science & Technology Current Affairs - 2019

Science & Technology Current Affairs 2019-2020 category comprises current affairs with all important national / international updates in science and tech and events for the year 2019-2020 for UPSC, States, Civil services, SSC and other competitive examinations of India and States.

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

Maritime Communication Services in India launched

Maritime Communication Services to offer broadband services to support those travelling at sea was launched at Mumbai, Maharashtra. Along with Maritime Communication Services, a web portal for reporting stolen mobiles to help trace them was also launhced. This portal is under a project called Central Equipment Identity Register (CEIR) system, which has been undertaken by Department of Telecom for addressing security, theft and other concerns including reprogramming of mobile handsets.

Key Highlights

Maritime connectivity will offer broadband services to enable high-end support to those travelling on sailing vessels, cruise liners and ships in India by providing access to voice, data and video services to sailing vessels, cruise liners and coastal vessels using satellite.

Nelco Ltd which is India’s leading VSAT (Very Small Aperture Terminal) solutions provider will now provide quality broadband services to maritime sector. VSAT technology offers a satellite internet connection globally.

Nelco, a Tata Group company through global partnerships, infrastructure including transponder capacity on satellite of Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and a comprehensive service portfolio aims to help energy, cargo and cruise vessels by enabling customer services.

Background: Nelco is the first Indian company to offer communication services to the maritime sector in Indian waters. Nelco has a licence from government for IFMC (in-flight and maritime connectivity) that allows to offer voice and internet services while flying over Indian skies and sailing in Indian waters, both for Indian se well as international aircraft and vessels.

In December 2018, Government announced IFMC licence program, which seeks to liberalise satellite communications services in the country. IFMC licence not only enabled connectivity for onboard users on ships but also brings operational efficiency for shipping companies.

India joins Global AMR R&D hub as a new member

India has joined Global Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) Research and Development (R&D) hub as a new member. The announcement in this regard was made by Department of Biotechnology, Union Ministry of Science & Technology in New Delhi on 12 September 2019.

Key Highlights

India will be a member of the hub’s board of members of from 2019 itself.

By partnering with the hub, India looks forward to work with all partners and to boost their existing capabilities, resources and also to collectively focus on new research to address drug-resistant infections.

The issue of AMR requires global action with active participation from all world regions and One Health sectors. AMR refers to a microbe’s ability to resist the effects of drugs and medication that once could successfully treat the microbe.

Global Antimicrobial Resistance Research and Development Hub

The Global AMR R&D hub was launched in May 2018 on the sidelines of 71st session of World Health Assembly (WHA), following a call from G20 leaders in 2017.

Members: With inclusion of India, the Global Antimicrobial Resistance Research and Development hub now has 16 countries (including India), European Commission, 2 philanthropic foundations as members. It also has 4 international organisations as observers.

It is a global partnership that works to address challenges and improve coordination and collaboration in global AMR research and development

It supports global priority setting and evidence-based decision-making on allocation of resources for AMR R&D. This is done by identifying gaps, overlaps as well as potential for cross-sectoral collaboration and leveraging.

Global AMR R&D Secretariat: It is established in Berlin, Germany. Its secretariat supports the hub’s operations and is currently financed through grants from German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and Federal Ministry of Health (BMG).