Science & Tech Current Affairs

Science & Technology Current Affairs 2019-2020 category comprises current affairs with all important national / international updates in science and tech and events for the year 2019-2020 for UPSC, States, Civil services, SSC and other competitive examinations of India and States.

Vice President to launch ‘Elyments’ on 5th July, First Indian Social Media Super App

As the number of social media users in India has increased significantly since the introduction of 4g technology in the country, the need for a homegrown Made in India Social Media Application was felt by many in the country largely due to rising concerns related to the privacy of data and data ownership.

With more than 500 million social media users in the country and the numbers are only increasing, under the inspiration of Spiritual Leader Sri Sri Ravi Shankar (Founder of the Art of Living), more than 1000 IT professionals came together to develop the first Made in India social media super application. The application is called ‘Elyments’.

Elyments will be launched on 5th July 2020 by M. Venkaiah Naidu (Vice President of India). Many other dignitaries are likely to join the launch event.

Elyments Application

As per media reports, the application has already been downloaded around 2 lakh times and been crowd tested for several months. The application is developed by Sumeru Software Solutions Private Limited. The company has claimed that it will never share the user data with any third party and the data of users of the Elyments Application will be stored in India.

The Elyments was designed by combining the best and popular features of commonly used social media applications. The application will be available in 8 Indian languages. In upcoming months, features such as audio/video conference calls, public profiles for users to follow/subscribe, a secure Elyments Pay payment system, etc will be added.

Mangalyaan captures Image of Mars Biggest Natural Satellite ‘Phobos’

The Mangalyaan Mission (also known as Mars Orbiter Mission) of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has captured the image of Phobos (the largest Moon or Natural Satellite of Mars) on 1st July 2020. The image was shared by ISRO on 3rd July 2020.

The image of Phobos was captured from a distance of 4200 kilometres by the Mars Orbiter Mission on 1st July. At that time, the Mars Orbiter Mission was at a distance of 7200 kilometres from Mars. ISRO has further stated that 210 metres is the spatial resolution of the captured image.

Stickney Crater

Stickney Crater is the largest crater on the Phobos. In the image captured by Mars Orbiter Mission, Stickney Crater is visible along with Roche, Shklovsky and Grildrig craters of Phobos.

Mars Orbiter Mission

The Mangalyaan mission was launched on 5th November 2013 from the first launch pad of Satish Dhawan Space Centre located in Andhra Pradesh’s barrier island Sriharikota.

The mission was launched by the Rocket PSLV-C25. It entered the orbit of Mars successfully in the first attempt on 24th September 2014.

Natural Satellites of Mars

Phobos and Deimos are the two natural satellites of Mars. Both the moons of Mars were discovered by Asaph Hall in the year 1877. Phobos is seven times larger than Deimos.

Phobos orbits at around 6,000 Km from the surface of the Mars, while Deimos orbits at around 23,460 Km from the Mars. Therefore, Phobos is referred to as the Innermost Natural Satellite of Mars whereas Deimos is the outermost.