Science and Technology Current Affairs – 2018

Latest Science & Technology Current Affairs 2015-2016; current developments in Science and Technology 2015-2016 all important national / international updates in science and tech and events for the year 2015-2016.

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Indian Health Fund: 4 innovators selected for early detection of TB, malaria by Tata Trust and The Global Fund

Tata Trust and The Global Fund backed Indian Health Fund (IHF) has chosen four innovators for early detection of tuberculosis (TB), malaria to effectively tackle these eradicate diseases. Three selected innovators are related to TB and one to malaria. They were selected from proposals received for its second Request for Proposals.

Key Facts

The aim for selecting these innovators aims at leveraging technology for improving early detection and prompt treatment along with promoting diagnostics feasible for primary health care facilities. It also aims to supporting national efforts to effectively tackle eradicate these diseases which is crucial health challenges in India. Government has set a target of eliminating TB by 2025 and malaria by 2030. India contributes to 27% of the global TB burden and 68% of all malaria cases in the Southeast Asia region

Indian Health Fund (IHF)

IHF was launched in 2016 by Tata Trusts in collaboration with The Global Fund, to drive innovations towards key infectious disease challenges in India. It supports individuals and organisations with already germinated innovative strategies, services, products, such that they become sustainable and scalable solutions in addressing TB and malaria. The initiative is not a fellowship programme to do research from scratch. It is long-term exercise aligned with country’s goal of eliminating TB by 2025 and malaria by 2030. It will promote innovative solutions such that they are widely accessible and are affordable.

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SpiNNaker: Largest brain-mimicking supercomputer switched on

The world’s largest supercomputer Spiking Neural Network Architecture (SpiNNaker) machine designed to work in same way as human brain was switched on for the first time.

SpiNNaker

It designed and built at University of Manchester in UK. It can model more biological neurons in real time than any other machine on planet. Biological neurons are basic brain cells present in nervous system that communicate by emitting ‘spikes’ of pure electro-chemical energy. It is neuromorphic computing that uses large scale computer systems containing electronic circuits to mimic these spikes in a machine.

It is capable of completing more than 200 million million actions per second, with each of its chips having 100 million transistors. It is unique as it mimics the massively parallel communication architecture of brain, sending billions of small amounts of information simultaneously to thousands of different destinations. It also unique because, unlike traditional computers, it does not communicate by sending large amounts of information from point A to B via  standard network.

Potential Applications

It has massive potential for neurological breakthroughs in science such as pharmaceutical testing. It can be used to harnessed to control robot which can interpret real-time visual information and navigate towards certain objects while ignoring others.

It can also help to unlock some of secrets of how human brain works by running unprecedentedly large scale simulations. It will allow roboticists to design large scale neural networks into mobile robots so they can walk, talk and move with flexibility and low power.

Month: Categories: Science and Technology Current Affairs - 2018

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