Science & Technology Current Affairs - 2019

Science & Technology Current Affairs 2019-2020 category comprises current affairs with all important national / international updates in science and tech and events for the year 2019-2020 for UPSC, States, Civil services, SSC and other competitive examinations of India and States.

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Interdisciplinary Centre for Energy Research launched

Union Minister of Science & Technology Harsh Vardhan launched an Interdisciplinary Centre for Energy Research (ICER) equipped with modern facilities for conducting a wide spectrum of energy research through knowledge network.

About Interdisciplinary Centre for Energy Research (ICER)

ICER is a first of its kind in India which is equipped with state-of-the-art facilities. This new centre would realise the vision of affordable, efficient, compact and reliable clean energy systems.

It was formed to conduct socially relevant research to benefit people directly. Also, translational research carried out by ICER faculty has resulted in technology transfers in India and abroad.

Research conducted here would be in line with various national missions to have more reach. ICER is also considering starting a new Master’s course on energy.

ICER plans to expand its activities in several energy-related areas with an emphasis on process and material development, in collaboration with manufacturing industry.

The centre is focused on developing sustainable technologies for renewable energy, combustion, next-generation solar photovoltaic, concentrated solar power, novel energy storage technologies, hydrogen, bio-mass and bio-fuels.

For the first time Survey of India to deploy 300 drones for mapping country

Survey of India (SoI), the oldest scientific department of country will for the first time rely on drones to map the country. SoI which is India’s National Survey and Mapping Organization is in charge of mapping and surveying entire country. SoI is affliated to the Department of Science and Technology (DST).

Key Highlights

Objective:

  • To provide good high-resolution foundation maps. Also, High-resolution maps will facilitate digitisation of land titles in villages.
  • To map 75% of India’s geography (about 2.4 million sq km of 3.2 million sq km) within next two years.

To fulfill above objective the organisation aims to procure about 300 drones and so far about 30 have been sourced for the mega exercise.

As a precursor to undertake such drone-based mapping exercises, Survey of India has signed agreements with districts in Haryana (6), Karnataka (2) and Maharashtra (2). Every square kilometre mapped by drones will be encapsulated in 2500 pictures and thus be a store of digital data.

Benefits

Currently the best SoI maps have a resolution of 1:250000 (i.e. 1 cm on the map represents 2500 cm on ground), however, new maps under the project will have a 1:500 resolution (i.e. 1 cm on map will represent 500 cm).

Other than unprecedented detail, a consequence of mapping will be creating high resolution maps of land in villages thereby facilitating digitisation of land titles in villages.

Sorting rural issues: A major consequence of drone-based exercise will be mapping of settled habitations in villages. Based on availability of accurate maps, residents will finally be able to get property cards as well as proper legal titles to their lands.