Science and Technology Current Affairs – 2018

Integral Coach Factory launches first stainless steel bodied MEMU

The Integral Coach Factory (ICF) for first time has rolled out three phase energy efficient eight car Mainline Electric Multiple Unit (MEMU) train set built with stainless steel bodies in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. MEMU is suburban train system that caters to needs of medium distance inter-city passengers.

Key Facts

Rake formation: The stainless steel MEMU consists of eight coaches — two driving motor coaches (DMC) at both ends with seating capacity of 55 passengers and standing capacity of 171 passengers (total 226 passengers) in each coach and six trailer coaches (TC) with seating capacity of 84 passengers and standing capacity of 241 (total 325 passengers) in each coach. Thus, total carrying capacity of this stainless steel MEMU rake is 2402 passengers.

Key Features: The MEMU is manufactured with stainless steel coach body and has aerodynamically shaped stainless steel front end nose for reduced air resistance, thereby saving in energy. It runs on self-propelled 25 kv AC Overhead Traction, supported by Regenerative braking system. It saves energy consumption up to 35% as compared to conventional EMU and MEMU trains. Its maximum speed is 110kmph

It has additional features like CCTV installed in each coaches for enhanced passenger safety. In addition, it has GPS based Passenger Information System (PIS) and Passenger Address System (PAS) in its all coaches. Even its loco pilot cabin also has been provided with CCTV cameras. Moreover, its every coach has been provided with modular toilets.

Integral Coach Factory (ICF)

ICF is manufacturer of rail coaches located in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. It was established in 1952. It is owned and operated by Indian Railways. It primarily manufactures rolling stock for Indian Railways and also exports railway coaches to other countries including Thailand, Myanmar, Taiwan, Zambia, Philippines, Tanzania, Uganda, Vietnam, Nigeria, Mozambique, Bangladesh, Angola and Sri Lanka. It employs about 11,095 people and manufactures about 2000 coaches per year.

Month: Categories: Science and Technology Current Affairs - 2018


Government bans oxytocin hormone to curb misuse

The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has banned manufacture and sale of Oxytocin drug formulations for domestic use in private sector to prevent its misuse from 1st July 2018. Its import also has been banned. It also has not allowed retail or wholesale chemists to stock this drug in their shops in any form or name. Jenceforth, Karnataka Antibiotics & Pharmaceuticals Ltd will only manufacture the drug and supply it directly to registered private and public hospitals.


Oxytocin, often called love hormone, is released naturally in human bonding activities such as childbirth , breastfeeding and sex,. It is uterine stimulant hormone, prescribed for initiation of uterine contractions and induction of labour in women as well as stimulation of contractions during labour. It is also used to help abort fetus in cases of incomplete abortion or miscarriage, and control bleeding after childbirth. It may be used for breast engorgement.


It has become controversial hormonal injection that is misused widely in the dairy industry, agriculture and horticulture. The drug’s abuse in dairy animals to make them release milk at a time convenient to farmers, shortens their lives and makes them barren sooner. The hormone is also used to increase size of vegetables such as pumpkins, watermelons, brinjals, gourds and cucumbers. Even its misuse is reported among trafficked children, injected to accelerate puberty among girls. It is also being misused to speed up deliveries for pregnant women in overcrowded government hospitals.

Month: Categories: Science and Technology Current Affairs - 2018