Science & Technology Current Affairs - 2019

Science & Technology Current Affairs 2019-2020 category comprises current affairs with all important national / international updates in science and tech and events for the year 2019-2020 for UPSC, States, Civil services, SSC and other competitive examinations of India and States.

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First Indigenous High-Temperature Fuel Cell System launched

The President of India Ram Nath Kovind launched the first Indigenous High-Temperature Fuel Cell System developed by Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) under ‘New Millennium Indian Technology Leadership Initiative (NMITLI)’. The launched was made at Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi on the occasion of 78th Foundation Day CSIR.

About High-Temperature Fuel Cell System

The system has been developed under India’s flagship program ‘New Millennium Indian Technology Leadership Initiative (NMITLI)’.

It has been developed by CSIR in partnership with Indian industries. This makes it a unique example of Public-Private Partnership (PPP) among CSIR’s three Laboratories- (CSIR-NCL, Pune; CSIR-NPL, New Delhi; CSIR-CECRI, Karaikudi (Chennai Center)) and two Indian industries namely, M/s Thermax Limited (Pune) and M/s Reliance Industries Limited (Mumbai).

Function:

The 5.0 kW fuel cell system generates power in a green manner. It uses methanol or bio-methane, with heat and water as bi-products for further use. This further amounts to more than 70% efficiency, which otherwise may not be possible by other energy sources.

Fuel Cells developed are based on High-Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane (HTPEM) Technology.

Application:

In the field of clean energy, Fuel Cell distributed power generation systems are emerging as one of the most promising alternative to grid power.

This development is most suitable for distributed stationary power applications and where highly reliable power is essential with simultaneous requirement for air-conditioning such as- for small offices, data centers, commercial units, etc.

It will also meet the requirement of efficient, clean and reliable backup power generator for telecom towers, remote locations as well as strategic applications.

Fuel Cells fit well in India’s mission of replacing diesel with green and alternate fuels, thus this development would replace Diesel Generating (DG) sets and will help in reducing India’s dependence on crude oil.

JNU signs MoU with IIT Delhi for Research, Technology Development

The two premier institutions, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) and IIT Delhi inked a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for cooperation in research, education and technology developments in science and other disciplines.

Key Highlights of MoU

MoU Objective: To recognise each other’s strengths and co-operate in research, education and technology developments in disciplines of science, engineering, management and social sciences.

As per JNU, the agreement will not only bring the two institutes together but will enormously benefit teaching, research and technology development of social and national importance.

The JNU and IIT Delhi collaboration will also facilitate access to each other’s libraries and central research facilities. This will further intensify joint research projects and other related academic activities.

JNU is committed towards working together with IIT Delhi in establishing joint ventures (JVs). These JVs will specially emphasise on disaster research and a comprehensive study of North Eastern regions of India as the research in these areas will generate much input for policies and governmental programmes. JNU has already established Special Centre for North Eastern Studies and a Special Centre for Disaster Research.