Science & Technology Current Affairs - 2020

Science & Technology Current Affairs 2019-2020 category comprises current affairs with all important national / international updates in science and tech and events for the year 2019-2020 for UPSC, States, Civil services, SSC and other competitive examinations of India and States.

JEEVAN: Railway makes low cost prototype of Ventilator; ICMR to test the prototype

JEEVAN, is a low-cost energy efficient ventilator made by the Rail Coach Factory, Kapurthala. The cost of the machine is fraction of what the original designs cost.


The prototype is to be tested by ICMR before mass production. The cost of the machine is around Rs 10,000 without a compressor.

About the prototype

The ventilator consists of an air container which is considered as the heart of the device. The machine is completely silent. It does not use link mechanism, servo motor or piston mechanism. Also, the design was built from scratch and not from reverse engineering.

The design is microprocessor based and was designed by India’s leading team that produces German-design linke Hoffman coaches. The design uses Indian made components. It has used emergency transit services to fetch the major parts. They are the valves from Noida and contribution controller from Okhla. The intellectual property rights of the ventilator will be owned by Rail Coach Factory, Kapurthala.

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GoI set up Science-Technology Empowered Committee to speed up COVID-19 solutions

The Government of India has constituted a Science and Technology Empowered Committee to make speedy decisions on research and development of COVID-19.


The Committee is to be chaired by Niti Aayog member Vinod Paul and K Vijay Raghavan. Mr Raghavan is the principal scientific advisor to GoI. The committee will coordinate with scientists, science agencies , regulatory bodies and industries.

What is the plan?

The Committee has consented the institutes operating under Department of Science and Technology, Department of Biotechnology, Department of Atomic Energy, CSIR, DRDO and IIScs to prepare their labs towards research and testing of COVID-19. The research of testing methodologies are to be stratified by the institutes based on the priorities set by ICMR (Indian Council of Medical Research).

Steps taken so far

The medical institutes operating directly under the Central government have taken up the following researches

  • Repurposing of drugs
  • Manufacturing ventilators and test kits
  • Models to predict medical equipment requirements, mathematical models to track the disease spread in the country.

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