Science & Technology Current Affairs - 2019
Science & Technology Current Affairs 2019-2020 category comprises current affairs with all important national / international updates in science and tech and events for the year 2019-2020 for UPSC, States, Civil services, SSC and other competitive examinations of India and States.
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Iran has revealed that it has successfully sent a monkey into space for the second time in 2013 as part of a space mission aimed at manned space flight.
As per Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani, the monkey – named Fargam, or Auspicious – came back from space in perfect health. For this programme, Iran used a liquid fuel rocket technology for the first time. In January 2013, Iran had claimed to have sent a monkey to an altitude of about 120km (75 miles) in a Pishgam rocket for a sub-orbital flight before returning successfully to Earth. However, the success of the first monkey flight was debated when a different animal was shown in images released after the touchdown. But Iran rebuffed those debates explaining that the picture of another monkey was mistakenly which was undergoing suitability tests.
Why the West apprehends Iran’s space programme?
The Western nations have raised concerns over Iran’s space programme as they fear the technology could be used in ballistic missiles. Iran is already under international pressure to give up its alleged nuclear programme and is also under the US imposed crude oil trade embargo for the same reason.
DRDO has developed a 16 ton capacity Heavy Drop System (HDS) to improve Army’s para-dropping capacity. The system (HDS) consists of a platform and a highly advanced system of parachutes to drop loads consisting of military stores such as vehicles including BMP class, supplies and ammunition from IL-76 heavy lift aircraft.
Aerial Delivery Research and Development Establishment (ADRDE), an Agra-based laboratory of the DRDO designed and developed the three prototypes of the system. These systems are re-usable type to provide drop practice to the troops during their regular military training during peace time.
The bulk production of 146 numbers is being initiated at L&T for the mechanical platform and OPF Kanpur for the parachute systems.
About Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)
- Formed in 1958, works under the Department of Defence Research and Development of Ministry of Defense.
- Headquarters: New Delhi
- Aim: To make India prosperous by establishing world-class science and technology base and provide our Defence Services decisive edge by equipping them with internationally competitive systems and solutions.
Note: The system is extension of technology developed by DRDO for ‘P-7 HDS’, the 7-tonne capacity Heavy Drop System developed earlier and already accepted by Indian Army for induction