Environment & Biodiversity Current Affairs - 2019
Latest Environment Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Environment and Climate Change 2019 all important national updates in Environment events for the year 2019.
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In a move to curb use of plastics, Union Ministry of Railways has directed all regional offices to ensure complete removal of single-use plastics from all railways stations effective from 2 October 2019. The move is an effort by Indian Railways to shield the environment from menace of plastic.
Indian Railways has directed all Railway units to enforce ban on single use plastic material, with less than 50 micron thickness, except where the thickness of such plastic sheets impair functionality of product.
Emphasis is on making necessary arrangements to minimize generation of plastic waste, its eco- friendly disposal and to follow Plastic Waste Management rules.
Railway Ministry has also instructed its Railway units to administer a pledge on 2nd October 2019 to cut use of plastics and to adapt measures such as Information, Education & Communication (IEC) to create awareness among railway users.
Circular issued by Ministry of Railways in this regard states following instructions-
- Ban on single use plastic material
- Railways will work with vendors at all railway platforms to encourage all railway vendors to avoid use of plastic carry bags
- Railway employees should reduce, reuse and refuse plastic products and should use inexpensive reusable bags to reduce plastic footprint
- IRCTC (Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation) to implement return of plastic drinking water bottles as part of Extended Producer Responsibility– a strategy to add all of environmental costs associated with a product throughout product life cycle to market price of that product and Plastic Bottle crushing machines to be provided expeditiously for this purpose. In 1st phase 1,853 plastic water bottle crushing machines will be installed at 360 major stations.
- Ban will be strictly enforced on railway stations from 2nd October 2019 and other properties across country as part of ‘Plastic Free Railway’
Tags: Ban on Plastic • Ban on single use Plastic • Extended Producer Responsibility • Indian Railways • IRCTC • Plastic Bottle crushing machines • Plastic Free Railway • Plastic Pollution • Union Ministry of Railways
A fisheries and aquatic ecology research team from zoology department of Rajiv Gandhi University (RGU) discovered 5 species of fish from various districts of Arunachal Pradesh. The team was led by RGU Professor DN Das. Details of discovery have been published in various journals of international repute.
Majority of water bodies in remote areas of Arunachal Pradesh are still not easily accessible to researchers due to a difficult terrain which includes rain forests, steep hills besides communication problems. Researchers are however optimistic that meticulous exploration may result in more discoveries of new fish species from state in future.
Newly-Discovered Fish Species
- Mystus prabini– found in Sinkin and Dibang rivers in Lower Dibang Valley district
- Exostoma kottelati– found in Ranga river in Lower Subansiri district
- Creteuchiloglanis tawangensis– found in Tawangchu river in Tawang district
- Garra ranganensis– found in Ranga river
- Physoschistura harkishorei– found in Dibang and Lohit rivers in Lower Dibang Valley district