Environment Current Affairs - 2019
Latest Environment Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Environment and Climate Change 2019 all important national updates in Environment events for the year 2019.
Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link
The active volcano of Indonesia Mount Agung has erupted again, spewing volcanic ash into the sky to a height of 2km. Two other volcanoes popular with tourists Mount Bromo in East Java and Mount Merapi in Yogyakarta also continues to erupt.
Mount Agung is an active volcano in Bali of Indonesia. Mount Agung stratovolcano is the highest point on Bali; it dominates the surrounding area, influencing the climate, especially rainfall patterns. The most important temple on Bali, Pura Besakih, is located high on the slopes of Mount Agung.
Mount Bromo is an active volcano and part of the Tengger massif, in East Java, Indonesia. The name Bromo is derived from Javanese pronunciation of Brahma, the Hindu creator god.
Mount Merapi is an active volcano located on the border between Central Java and Yogyakarta provinces, Indonesia. The word Merapi can be translated as the Mountain of Fire. Meru means “mountain” and api means “fire”.
In a factual report submitted by the state forest department following the directive of the National Green Tribunal (NGT), it has been stated that there are about Great Indian Bustards (GIBs) in the Jaisalmer area of the Desert National Park in Thar.
This claim by the Rajasthan Forest Department is contrary to that by the Wildlife Institute of India which had estimated a total population of GIB at 150 for whole India.
Fact Box: Great Indian Bustard
Scientific Name: Ardeotis nigriceps
IUCN status: Critically Endangered
Plea before NGT
A petition filed by the Centre for Wildlife and Environment Litigation (CWEL) stating that wind power projects and transmission lines were proving to be a major hazard for the survival of the endangered species in the desert area and most of the wind power projects are located in the natural habitat of the GIB in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Karnataka and Maharashtra. Due to their weight, GIBs cannot fly at a high altitude. As a result, they caught in power lines.
Even the 30th Forest Advisory Committee report had advised ensuring that transmission lines in the natural habitats of GIBs should pass underground.
The petition claimed that the Rajasthan government is not doing enough to conserve the critically endangered species. No effort has been made to install ‘bird diverters’ on these power lines. Further, no measure has been taken to curb the menace of feral dogs and foxes in the park.
Tags: bird diverters • Centre for Wildlife and Environment Litigation • Desert National Park • Forest Advisory Committee • Great Indian Bustard • Gujarat • Karnataka • Maharashtra • National Green Tribunal • NGT • Rajasthan • Wildlife Institute of India