Environment Current Affairs - 2019

Latest Environment Current Affairs 2019 for UPSC Exams, Bank Exams, Civil Services, SSC and other Competitive Exams. Latest developments in Environment and Climate Change 2019 all important national updates in Environment events for the year 2019.

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NGT asks for Performance guarantee to ensure conservation efforts of River Yamuna

The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has asked for a performance guarantee of Rs 10 crore each from the governments of Delhi, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh expressing dissatisfaction over the cleaning of river Yamuna.

The order comes after the interim report filed by the monitoring committee comprising of expert member B S Sajwan and former Delhi chief secretary Shailaja Chandra.

Recommendations of the Monitoring Committee

The committee tasked with developing an action plan and a detailed report had made the following recommendations in its interim report:

  • A study to assess the environmental flow of the river Yamuna for the stretch between Hathanikund and Okhla and notes that it would not be possible to rejuvenate it unless minimum environmental flow was provided.
  • Creating ponds and pits in various localities to facilitate idol immersion.
  • Building awareness about why the flood plains are sacrosanct and why they need conservation.
  • Involvement of citizens by dissipating knowledge about  why the river is important and why it is worth preserving and restoring.
  • River Yamuna is a unique birding destination and there is a need for the Delhi Development Authority to preserve the birding hot spots.

Other observations made by the National Green Tribunal

The other observations include:

  • The performance guarantee would be forfeited if the work was not carried out as per the recommendations of the monitoring committee.
  • The monitoring committee was asked to expeditiously submit its final report.
  • Steps to be taken by the three states at the earliest for disposal of municipal solid waste, cleaning of drains and ensuring cleaning of garbage.
  • Haryana pollution control board to conduct a study of water quality and the flow of Yamuna at the point it enters Haryana, and submit the list of industries located in the catchment area.

NGT also noted that almost 67 per cent of the pollutants that enter the Yamuna would be treated by two sewage treatment plants at Delhi Gate and Najafgarh under the first phase of the Maili se Nirmal Yamuna Revitalisation project.

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Stock Taking Conference on Tiger Conservation

The third Stock Taking Conference on Tiger Conservation is being held at New Delhi. In the conference, wide-ranging discussions shall be held on the status of the Global Tiger Recovery Program (GTRP) by all tiger range countries besides deliberations on combating wildlife trafficking.

This conference is organised by the Global Tiger Forum which is an implementing arm of the Global Tiger Initiative Council (GTIC), in collaboration with the National Tiger Conservation Authority (Government of India), WWF, Wildlife Conservation Trust (WCT) and Wildlife Trust of India (WTI).

Global Tiger Recovery Program

The Global Tiger Recovery Program seeks to empower Tiger Range Countries (TRCs) to address the entire spectrum of threats, domestic as well as those that are transboundary in nature, and work toward increased financial sustainability through the integration of conservation objectives into development.

To address the crisis haunting the Tiger Survival especially the Asian biodiversity crisis, the TRCs, international organizations, and civil society have come together on a collaborative platform within the framework of the Global Tiger Initiative (GTI) at St. Petersburg, Russia.

Through the GTI, a GTRP has been developed with the shared goal of doubling the number of wild tigers globally by 2022 for:

  • To effectively manage, preserve, protect, and enhance tiger habitats.
  • To eradicate poaching, smuggling, and illegal trade of tigers, their parts, and derivatives.
  • To cooperate in transboundary landscape management and in combating illegal trade.
  • To engage with indigenous and local communities.
  • To increase the effectiveness of tiger and habitat management.
  • Restore tigers to their former range.

This is the second stock-taking conference to be held in India. India will also hold a meeting with its neighbouring tiger range countries of Bangladesh, Bhutan & Nepal to discuss a sub-continent level tiger estimation report as a follow-up of deliberations held earlier on the sidelines of the conference.

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