Science and Technology Current Affairs – 2018

Latest Science & Technology Current Affairs 2015-2016; current developments in Science and Technology 2015-2016 all important national / international updates in science and tech and events for the year 2015-2016.

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ISRO signs MoU with Central University of Jammu for setting up of Space Science Centre

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Central University of Jammu (CUJ) in Jammu today for setting up of Satish Dhawan Center for Space Science in University.  It will be first of its kind institute coming up in Jammu and Kashmir.

Space Sciences

It is multidisciplinary subject which involves basic sciences such as mathematics, physics, astronomy, chemistry, biology, geology, planetary science, atmospheric sciences, geography, space engineering and even space law.

Satish Dhawan Center for Space Science

The centre is named after Satish Dhawan, father of experimental fluid dynamics research in India and former Chairman of ISRO (1971-84). He was born in Srinagar and played leading the successful and indigenous development of Indian space programme. The centre will have facilities for Geospatial Data analysis that will help in sustainable use of natural resources and planning land-use pattern.

It will also have ground-based observations for atmospheric studies, research lab for astrophysics, atmospheric sensing and glacier studies lab for better use of large quantity of water stored in the form of seasonal snow, ice and glaciers in the rivers of North India. It will also have Disaster Management Center to take up research in the area of different disasters like flood, landslides, forest fires, drought and climate change. Materials Sciences Lab for space applications will be also established for synthesizing and designing new sensors and materials for space applications.

Significance

It will help in tapping potential of Space Applications for region of J&K in various fields like disaster management, health, education, communication, weather forecasting, land use planning, etc. It will also provide opportunity to youth of the region to contribute to the field of space science as well as to the nation. It will also take care of the emerging Geospatial and Space Technology requirements for development of the region as its economy and habitations are affected by vegetation cover, forest area, snow, landslides, avalanches, ground water, cloud cover, atmospheric conditions etc.

Month: Categories: Science and Technology Current Affairs - 2018

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Scientists develop world’s first bioelectronic medicine

Scientists from US claimed that they have developed world’s first bioelectronic medicine which is implantable, biodegradable wireless device that speeds nerve regeneration and improves healing of damaged nerve. The device has not been tested in humans, but its successful testing on animals (rats) offer promise as future therapeutic option for nerve injury patients.

Key Facts

The bioelectronic medicine device is wireless is powered and controlled wirelessly by transmitter outside body that acts much like cellphone-charging mat. It operates for about two weeks before naturally absorbing into the body. It has size of dime and thickness of sheet of paper.

During its animal test on rats with injured sciatic nerves, it was found that this bioelectronic medicine device delivers regular pulses of electricity to damaged peripheral nerves in rats after surgical repair process. This results in accelerating regrowth of nerves in their legs and enhances ultimate recovery of muscle strength and control.

Advantages of Bioelectronic medicine

This biomedical technology provides therapy and treatment over clinically relevant period of time and directly at site where it is needed, thereby reducing side effects or risks associated with conventional, permanent implants. Moreover, these engineered systems provide active, therapeutic function in programmable, dosed format and then naturally disappear into body, without trace.

With this device, it has been shown that electrical stimulation given on scheduled basis during surgery can further enhance nerve recovery. No adverse biological effects from device and its reabsorption were found. Researchers envision that such transient engineered technologies one day can complement or replace pharmaceutical treatments for a variety of medical conditions in humans.

Month: Categories: Science and Technology Current Affairs - 2018

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