Sports Current Affairs

Latest Sports Current Affairs 2019 for National and International sports and tournaments, awards, trophies and cups related to cricket, football, tennis and other sports for UPSC, SSC, States, Civil services and other competitive examinations.

ICC Ranking: India declines from top position to third

On May 2, 2020, the International Cricket Council (ICC) announced the ranking of cricket teams. According to the ranking, Australia ranked top and India ranked third.  New Zealand was ranked second in the ranking.

Highlights

For more than 43 months India was placed at top position. The current ranking considers all the matches played since 2017. The matches played since 2017 were considered 50% and the matches played since 2019 were considered 100%.

The points of the countries include Australia with 116 points, New Zealand earned 115 points and India had earned 114 points.

The biggest fall in the ranking was suffered by South Africa. It fell by 8 points and dropped below Sri Lanka at 6th. This was because, South Africa played three series in the period selected by ICC and had lost 8 tests. It had played a total of 9 test matches since February 2019. The matches were against Sri Lanka, India and England.

History

The ICC Ranking was introduced in 2003. India’s rank was behind Australia for a period of more than 74 months since its launch.

About the Rankings

Australia for the first time has acquired top spot in T20 as well as in Test series. England had continued to lead in ODI men’s ranking.

What is “Ball Tampering” that is being considered by ICC recently?

The International Cricket Council (ICC) is considering to legalize ball tampering.

Context of the News

The ICC is considering to use an artificial substance under the supervision of umpires to polish cricket balls as applying saliva risks the spread of COVID-19. The use of artificial substance has been banned in cricket.

What is ball tampering?

Ball Tampering is an action in which the player of the fielding team in cricket illegally alters the condition of the ball. It is done to achieve favourable bowling conditions against the batsman. Using sweat or spit to remove the mud or to polish the ball is common and is allowed.

Why is sweat or spit used?

The sweat or spit is used to make the ball look shiny. The technique is used by the bowlers after the ball gets older, mostly after 35 overs. The sweat or spit is used to make one side shiny and the other side rough.

Physics behind using sweat or spit

The swing of the ball depends on three factors namely climatic conditions, shiny side and behaviour of the pitch. The science of shiny side is applied in using sweat or spit.

The cricket ball creates turbulence as its swings. In conventional swing, ball moves towards the side of greater turbulence. On the other hand, during reverse swing, it goes other way. Therefore, the bowler polishes one side of the ball to make it reverse swing. This is done to create challenging conditions for the batsman.

Legislation

Under subsection 3 of the Laws of Cricket the ball shall be polished without use of artificial substances. It can be dried with towel to remove the mud in the ball.