States Current Affairs – 2018

Current Affairs 2017, 2016 of all States with latest updates. Current Affairs will list latest developments, issues in all states

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Maharashtra Government to set up new Cyber University

Maharashtra Government is setting up new Cyber University dedicated to mitigating cyber threats. It will train 3,000 professionals to fight online space cyber-attacks, internet crimes and conduct cyber forensics.

Cyber University

The Cyber University will provide for and prepare internet professionals on lines of Microsoft Certified Professional Program. It will conduct courses in data analytics, cloud computing, blockchain, AI, cyber forensics and cyber investigations. It will also impart training in 15 other Internet of Things (IoT) areas such as Data Analytics and Artificial Intelligence (AI). For this university, state government will provide different levels of training and enable affiliated colleges to impart certification for the 15 courses. It will also supply infrastructure for training and education.

Need for Cyber University

Cyber-attacks India are taking place every 10 minutes as opposed to 12 minutes previously. The current demand of cyber professionals hovers around 30 lakh, but supply of is in about lakh. The university will be remedy for this by providing required human resource and bridge skill gap. Maharashtra Government is also in process of setting up its version of Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) to ward off external cyber threats.

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Tamil Nadu Government bans manufacture and sale of e-cigarettes

Tamil Nadu Government has issued order banning manufacture, sale and possession of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) or e-Cigarettes with immediate effect in the state. The ban covers distribution, trade, display, marketing, advertisement, use, import and possession of e-cigarettes as well. So far, Punjab, Karnataka, Kerala, Mizoram, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar already have prohibited manufacture, import, sale and distribution of ENDs or e-cigarettes. The Tamil Nadu government has already banned chewable tobacco products.

ENDS

ENDS are devices that heat solution to create aerosol, which also frequently contains flavours, usually dissolved into propylene glycolor and glycerin. Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are most common prototype of ENDS. These devices do not burn or use toacco leaves but instead vaporise solution, which user then inhales (This process is called as vaping). The main constituents of vaporise solution are nicotine, propylene glycol (with or without glycerol and flavouring agents).

Health risk associated with ENDS

Children, adolescents, pregnant women and women of reproductive age are at greater health risk due to use of ENDS including e-cigarettes. ENDS solutions and emissions contain harmful chemicals and toxicants. They contain nicotine, addictive component of tobacco products. In addition they also contain harmful metals, including lead, chromium and nickel and chemicals like formaldehyde with concentrations equal to or greater than traditional cigarettes. Use of ENDS may affect development of foetus during pregnancy. It may contribute to cardiovascular disease to people who use ENDS. Moreover, nicotine may function as ‘tumour promoter’ and seems to be involved in biology of malignant diseases. Foetal and adolescent nicotine exposure have long-term consequences for brain development, potentially leading to learning and anxiety disorders.

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